March 5, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Despite threats of sanctions, armed embargo and punitive actions by the region and the International Community, the South Sudanese leaders, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar Teny, have yet again failed to make significant compromises as another dateline passes.
The two warring principals, like yesterday, walked out of Sheraton Hotel this afternoon with little to promise the people of South Sudan that peace could be signed tomorrow, March 5, 2015, as agreed last month.
According to members of principals’ delegations, the two leaders have this afternoon disagreed on wealth sharing, transitional justice, transitional security arrangement, contracted debts, power sharing and permanent Constitution making process.
Transitional Security Arrangement:
While the SPLM-IO delegation, under Dr. Riek Machar, proposes that the National Security Council and National Defense Council must be commanded by two commanders in chief, in charge of two separate armies that will be only amalgamated after 30 months, the SPLM-Juba delegation, under Salva Kiir Mayardit, rejects the proposal.
According to Michael Makuei Lueth, who speaks for SPLM-Juba, the government delegations is working hard to maintain its status quo and bring rebels to account.
“The government of South Sudan’s delegation is trying its level best to bring the rebels to their original positions, so that we can negotiate peace and take it back to our people”. Said Makuei Lueth, the minister of information and broadcasting
Makuei believes that no peace will be signed unless the SPLM-IO conform to demands laid by SPLM-Juba, the government delegation.
“That peace will be coming if and only if the rebels can change their positions and conform to what we had agreed earlier so that we go ahead” Makuei said.
Juba proposes that the over 70% of the National army that rebelled Salva Kiir’s leadership must be reintegrated within 12 months into the foreign-allied loyal forces. The arrangement, however, says nothing on the militia, child soldiers, and regional mercenaries in the conflict.
Juba fears that having two armies in the country is a postponement of war or technically bringing war to towns, according to Speaker Makuei Lueth.
“Continuation of two armies in one country means suspension of war or transferring of war from the bushes to the towns”Makuei narrates.
Parameters of Permanent Constitution
The governance committee representing the two warring parties have disagreed on parameters of permanent constitution making process.
While the SPLM/SPLA demands that the constituent assembly must draft the Permanent Constitution to avoid recurrent of dictatorial tendencies that led the country into abyss, the government delegation demands that the Permanent Constitution must be drafted by the National Legislative Assembly, which to the opposition has lost its legitimacy.
Transitional Justice, Compensation and Accountability:
To heal the wounds and restore the nation, the opposition proposes establishment of Truth, Reconciliation and Healing Commission; Right to Truth; Right to Justice; Right to Reparation and Compensation; and Non-Repetition or Never Again commissions in the country.
In addition, the opposition proposes establishment of Reparation and Compensation Commission; Hybrid Court and implementation of African Union Commission of Inquiry’s Report.
Juba has rejected all the above proposals without elaborations or alternatives measures. In earlier reports, however, senior members of Salva Kiir government have shown fear in AUC and UN reports on atrocities, crimes and violations.
“Obasanjo wrote that report and that report is not good with us. He is not the author but a person connected with Khartoum took part in writing the report. This person used his commonsense by referencing another war atrocities but not focus on the reality of what took place in this war. They interviewed different people and fail to do so with those who knew the genesis of what took place. ” Said Daniel Awet Akot, the deputy Speaker of the National Legislative Assembly.
In other reports, the two warring principals with their mini-delegations, comprising of negotiators Nhial Deng Nhial and Michael Makuei Lueth on Salva Kiir’s side, Dr. Dhieu Mathok and youth league leader Puot Kang Chol on Dr. Machar’s side, were expected to resume talks at 5pm this evening to resolve the outstanding issues before the tomorrow’s dateline.
Talks between the two principals resumed on March 2, 2015, after Salva Kiir succumbed to overdue pressure from the region, international community and SPLM/SPLA-IO to get Salva Kiir to negotiation table.