March 21, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — When you undertake comparative analyst of the advantages and disadvantages create by ongoing civil strife between the two dominant tribes of South Sudan in relations to minority and most marginalize tribes such as Shilluk, Murle, Equatorian and Fertit. It is very clear that any situations may have its own advantages and disadvantages when played skillfully and wisely.
Though many lives and properties were been lost in this civil strife, I still believe that The war between the two dominant tribes can also be a blessing especially to minority and most marginalized groups who might have played their games skillfully and wisely. The good example is the Shilluk and Murle tribes who capitalized on this crisis by achieving their long awaited quest for freedom and control over their grabbed land. I can personally congratulate them for utilizing this crisis for the interest of the community. The Shilluk successfully managed to capitalize on the weakness created by the ongoing hostilities between the Dinka and the Nuer in the Country.
The Shilluk and Murle community are like other marginalized tribes in South Sudan and had been living under hardship and inhumane conditions for long time while trying to claim their God given rights such as the rights to their ancestors land and quest against the Dinka domination of the public and private sectors in expense of the minority tribes.
The others victims of the Dinka domination of the South Sudan political and economy sectors are Equatorian and Fertit whose lands has grabbed by force and their freedom had been denied through intimidations and dictatorship . Though the opportunity availed itself during the crisis they leadership of the two community failed to utilize and capitalized on this great opportunity created by the hostilities between the two dominant tribes to claim back their grabbed land and freedom for intimidation and I fear this opportunity will never knock their door again.
The Equatorian and Fertit became hostage of unfounded fear and reluctant to risk their lives to change their current situation and make better tomorrow for next generation and it will be hard for them to make it when peace agreement is reach between the two dominant tribes in South Sudan.
After thorough investigations and discussions with some members of the minority and most marginalized tribes in South Sudan mainly from the Shilluk, Murle , Equatorian and Fertit on the problems , challenges and potential way to address those problems to regain their real meaning of participation in South Sudan political and economy decision making .
The facts finding facts and issues facing the minority tribe need quick attention from the leadership of the country and the minority quest for their rights as citizens of this country turn always to deaf ear and blind eyes and those issues are vital for turning the threats to an opportunity by them.
The Shilluk stated that, their ancestors land had been occupied by the Dinka and The Nuer displaced persons for very long time and the government failed to respond to their claim for their lands. The examples of Shilluk lands grabbed by Dinka and Nuer are Atar, Canal, Dolieb, Obel, Adidiang, Papiew, Binythiang, Makal, Anakdiar, Bonglai, Ahmedajaak, hay salaam residential areas and Ajuba.
The Shilluk elders and leadership raised the problem with government at the State and National level and tried all means to recover their lands from the Dinka and The Nuer with little and no one dared to hear the cry of the community.
The Shilluk tried to established tribal militias to liberate their Collo land from land grabbers but they end up being termed as rebels by the Dinka and the Nuer dominated government and in the end the rebellion of Johnson Olony, Guang and Oyuok Ogat was crashed by government troops.
The Shilluk civilians lost many of their fellow compatriots in the fight for the liberation of Shilluk lands from 2010-2013 when Johnson Olony respond to amnesty out of fear and cry from Shilluk elders that their sons are finishing and the mission is unachievable . The Shilluk paid very high prices of the Johnson Olony rebellion which resulted into mass displacement, mass rape for women, extrajudicial killing of Shilluk men, burning of houses, lost of properties and livelihood as the community were forced to relocated to Malakal town out of fear of being killed by the Division Seven soldiers who were targeting Shilluk by their ethnicity.
The Murle testimonies revealed that gross human rights abused including war crimes and crimes against the humanity had been committed by government troops in Murle land while fighting with David Yauyau rebel forces.
The rebellion of David Yauyau had been symbol of Murle resistance against the Dinka dominations and marginalization of other minority tribes who are denied access to economy and political participation in the Country.
The testimonies from Fertit has also shown that their land had been grabbed or occupied by the Dinka and the people who raised those mal treatment of the local population were either killed , jailed without proper legal procedures or deprived from the livelihood .
The Fertit tried to stage peaceful demonstration in Wau to let their grievances known to the National government and International community and the government respond resulted into mass killing and mass arrest of the local population and no one accounted for those crimes.
The Equatorian situation remains the same since the signing of CPA and when Juba becomes the capital city of the South Sudan. The Equatorian lands and properties had been grabbed by force mostly the Dinka dominated government and the legal system were in favor of the criminals.
The Dinka nomad remain constant life threat to peaceful living of the Equatorian in West, East and Central Equatoria States for the past 10 years without any government respond to stop this threat.
The Dinka displaced persons had been very hostiles to host Equatorian communities mainly in Nimule, Maridi, Mundri, Nairus, Yei, Magwi and Nadapal and the Dinka are renaming the Equatorian land and want to be permanent resident in other people land by force.
The Dinka cattle’s become cause of food insecurity in Equatoria land because they destroy the agriculture produce on yearly basis and they use resident farm as grazing land for their cattle’s by force.
The Dinka dominated government and soldiers are involved in daily disappearance and killing of the innocent Equatorian citizens in their own land. The Dinka are also destroying the social life of Equatorian by raping women and abusing their access to wealth to enslave young girls in return of money.
The Dinka treated the Equatorian like third class citizens in their own land through intimidation and threat of killing and disappearance.
All the above mentioned facts are true stories happening in South Sudan against the minority and most marginalized group in the hand of the Dinka Dominated regime before the eruption of the ongoing civil strife and the Dinka regime continue to pursue this path in order to dominate the other non Dinka tribe in the Country.
The Question before the minority tribes is. What did the minority and marginalized tribes achieved in this fighting between two dominant tribes in order to regain their land and freedom from Dinka domination and intimidation?
The best answer is that two minority tribes successfully capitalized on this crisis to gain their freedom and reclaim their land from land grabbers.
- The Shilluk militia deserved credit and congratulation for capitalizing on the fighting between the two dominant tribes and managed to liberate their lands from the Dinka and the Nuer occupation.
- The Shilluk successfully liberated and regain full control of the following villages ( Atar, Adidiang, Papiew, Dolieb, Obel, Anakdiar , Ajuba, Makal County and are in full controlled of the Shilluk Kingdom and their next target will be Binythiang and Khorfulus
- The Shilluk militias successfully managed to force all non Shilluk resident to abandon the Malakal town through target killing of both the Dinka and the Nuer who are trying to return to Malakal town.
- The Shilluk successfully managed to destroy most of the houses that belong to the Nuer and the Dinka in Malakal to prevent them from returning to Malakal when peace returns to Malakal.
- The Murle successfully managed to capitalize on this crisis through forcing the Juba regime to give the independent Administration and to live as free citizens in their own land.
Bases on the above mentioned facts, I believe that the Shilluk and the Murle deserve big congratulation for utilizing the opportunity created by the ongoing hostilities between two dominant tribes to free themselves from the Dinka marginalization and regain their land grabbed by the dominant tribes.
I also believe that our Equatorian brothers lost this golden opportunity to become free from the marginalization and reclaimed their land grabbed during the confussion era. It is my conviction that this opportunity will hardly avail itself to them sooner and only almighty God know their final destiny in the South Sudan which is ruled through power of guns and intimidation.
The reality is that when you cheated someone who is not aware of his own rights it should not be a sin before God.
Should the Dinka continuation their exploitation and enslavement policy toward Equatorian after losing this opportunity will not be Sins before God or before human being because they don’t know what they want and when to get their rights.
Let them remain hostage of their own unfounded fear to regain the lands and freedom
The writer is concern South Sudanese Activist and can be reached via email@example.com