By Michael Kalakon,
May 14, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Land dispute is killing people in Chollo Kingdom. All records shows that, Salva Kiir regime is a tribal government just for interest of his tribe. Reference to Niavasha peace agreement chapter II ,article five (5) concerning land ownership, its say very clear that community land shall include all lands traditionally and historically held or used by local communities or their members, they shall be defined, held, managed and protected by law.
Now when we come and look into situation in upper Nile State, Dinka is claiming land traditionally and historically held or belonged to chollo people Community. And Kiir regime did armed Dinka civilians to in power them against their neighbours shilluk under pretext to protect oil pipes line as if there is no national army in the country, and yet shilluk tribe didn’t failed to understand Dinka and their government plan.
When oil pipes line was under immanent threat Dinka militia didn’t fight to protect the oil pipes line. Instead chollo youth under general Johnson Olony were the force that liberated all upper Nile region up to Wat Akon!!. and immediately after liberation of wat-Akon county General Johnson Olony’s vehicle went under Heavy attack in Rank town, the was attack planned by government of the county and no serious investigation done by the government of Juba. Again when General Johnson Olony arrived in Makal another deadly plan was made by state government in cooperation with Dinka militia in Makal town against General Johnson Olony and his fourteen officers were killed including his deputy, Major General James Bwogo.!! That took place in north town of makal. Kiir regime in Juba didn’t take any serious investigation to bring criminal before the court of law, this negligent made it very clear that government in Juba behind all this incidents.
When General Johnson Olony reacted, all SPLA Dinka and Dinka militia including Mathiang Anyor which is Salva Kiir own especial trained militia that he used to kill Nuer in Juba were sent to Chollo land supported with 45 tanks and many Heavy artilleries to fight chollo youth under general Johnson Olony who are defending chollo land against land grabbers. Not that only but salva kiir himself grabbed Chollo land and gave it to Dinka, that was Pigo area, the land of Adhiethiang he (Kiir) gave it to Padang Dinka.
Now the big question is this; is really chollo Community part or is it enjoying independent of south Sudan or actually kingdom switch from bad Arab colonial to Dinka worst colonial? Today in chollo land Dinka militias supported by Salva Kiir in juba are doing worst in history of Chollo Kingdom, that kind of practices, never was done by Arab Northerners in chollo kingdom in the history of old Sudan.
The lands that we talking about today were held by chollo kingdom before 1545, by than there were no Dinka around in that areas. the only tribe that was chollo neighbours to shilluk was Anyuak, than Dinka started moving into the lands at about 1905 according to the record of the area. Until 1937 there were no Dinka inhabitors Makal town according to The Rev. J. A. Heasty, reference book ; The American Mission, Dolieb Hill, The Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. 1937.
So even, if we can ignored the abovementioned records and just take it from Sudan independent time in 1956, nothing can bring Dinka into Chollo land if it is not Salva Kiir, the one creating problems between communities. Boundaries are very clear and it is in favour of Chollo Community.
Dinka Apadang made three (3) attempt to claims chollo lands but both three attempts came out in favour of shilluk communities, two of those attempts were during South Sudan regional government, 1980 and 1982. Committees were sent to the area to look into dispute land, the outcome of the finding was in favour of Chollo Community. another attempt was in November 2004 during visionary leader Dr. John Garang de Mabior, who just ignored Padang claimed because it was obvious case and it is nonsense claim from Padang, knowing that land belong to shilluk community.
Now when ignorance President took over case came up deadly again, the tribal President back up his tribe using state power to fight chollo in benefit of Padang Dinka tribe. We know in this country that, you cannot differentiate between Dinka and government nor SPLA and Dinka Militias. Because SPLA is Dinka militia and Dinka militia is SPLA. But will Chollo allow Dinka to take their land in their watch because Salva Kiir regime supporting Dinka? This question absolutely remained for Chollo Community to respond to it.