By Gatkuoth Lok,
April 16, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — In this rigorous analysis, we shall focus on Dr. Machar, the SPLM/SPLA -IO chairman and his politico-contemporaries, namely, Dr. John Garang de Mabior and President Salva Kiir Mayardit. In this respect we shall briefly explore and detail the grounds on which it is inevitably right and suitable to attribute the independence of South Sudan to Machar and necessarily ascribing democracy to him undoubtedly.
Besides we will further be able to explicitly expose Machar’s political pursuit in 1990s, compared to Garang’s, as well as his political ideology in evaluation to Kiir’s political ideology(if any). In the course of this demanding discussion we expressly ought to figure out the ideals harbored by the said troika-political-leaders and to find out who among these leaders truly became instrumental in terms of his ultimate goal plus his political ideology as well, during and after the SPLM or SPLA liberation struggle, and who remains truly non-instrumental, not workable to date.
This in the end shall lands us to sincerely and wholeheartedly admit that Dr. Machar Teny is the only politician in this Republic with his country deeply seated in his very heart. Based upon his unquestionable nationalism and patriotism in objectively choosing what works best for the citizens of this blossoming Democracy. Machar qualifies himself not only the father of this country but also the leadership best exemplar for the country as a whole, Africa and indeed fits himself for the rest of the world at best. Having seen the topic under discussion-being workable, sounding and resounding worthy proving thesis, the key questions one is about to ask here are what the author does have in mind on the issue in question and whether or not he may be knowledgeable about the history of South Sudan. Have it gone through and examined?
Prior to embarking on the matter and giving some possible solutions to those mentioned doubts, I would rather like to inform us dear readers whether or not you like it, that politics per se, in South Sudan political perspective, in my viewpoint and probably beyond is to politically morally and militarily fight for the total freedoms and benefits of the people of one’s own politically defined territory.
Coming back to the topic at issue, the question is, has Dr. Machar fought for what about which this author places him at the right side of the history of this politically defined territory known as the Republic of South Sudan? Can we rationally and empirically give undoubted and undeniable vindications to make our thesis valid? Next, we shall get settled in the succeeding dialectical reasoning. What for? Good enough, we are going to work out to give sufficient rejoinders in the following subtopics notably; ‘Machar over Garang’ and ‘Machar over Kiir’ two of which function for substantiating the given thesis. Have a look below then.
Dr. Machar over Dr. Garang
Did Machar win the history of the liberation struggle over Garang? I answer, yes he won it. Now scrutinize critically, in 1991 Dr. Machar disagreed with Dr. Garang on what to fight for. Why? Simply because Machar thought it right that to fight for Self-determination consequential to the Independence- the total beneficial freedom to the people of southern Sudan, would rather work best for the common good or will of southern Sudanese.
This Machar’s better off antithesis opposed to Garang’s bellow worse off thesis became the best choice during the referendum on Machar’s self-determination. Dr. John Garang thought it, erroneously right that to fight for unity of Sudan under new basis would rather be workable for the greater good of all marginalized Sudanese. This was or is a good idea however, unworkable. This is the straw which broke the camel’s back.
This hot rupture got resolved when Machar and Garang themselves realistically agreed to sign the comprehensive peace agreement, CPA that enshrined their pursuits and the two principal leaders made what is documented as Nairobi declaration, in 2002. This courageous decision from our dear leaders helped us to choose between their said pursuits, namely Machar’s secession and Garang’s unity of Sudan in a conducive environment.
The question pops up, which one did we choose for its workability and which one did we not choose for its unworkability? In answering this question, what got actualized in favor of southern Sudanese destiny was Dr. Machar’s political pursuit; being self-determination resultant to our breathtaking Independence, on 9.7.2011. This is now Machar’s victory. And this historic and historical victory for Dr. Machar happened when Dr. Garang died in Museveni-Kiir helicopter crash, unfortunately. Where did we leave Garang’s pursuit then? Eh, Dr. Garang’s pursuit, unanimously and contemptuously was left to Malik Aggar and Yasir Saed el Arman (SPLM or SPLA-N leaders) in the North Sudan by us who have chosen freedom in the sovereign South.
Without any doubt, it follows that our thesis that Dr. Machar won over Dr. Garang in terms of their political pursuits has been proved beyond any reasonable reservation. Any shadow of doubt yet? No, not at all, though it shall bewilder ordinary readers yet clear to those who are able to discuss ideas, ideologies and philosophies. What of the death in 1991? Looked at superficially, one may ask why Dr. Machar’s 1991 correction declaration victimized a lot of people from different communities. And another person may enquire whether possible blames can be objectively put on both sides of the then conflict and lifting irrational bias of being unjustly judgmental on Machar and excusing Garang to remain blame-free, while in reality Garang himself was the prime cause of the war.
Yet another may still in confidence think that Garang is blameworthy while Machar is praiseworthy. A concern person still might further ask of who will be liable for the deceased death between these opposing protagonists. Giving somewhat answers to the proceeding questions, I must say that because the prime cause of the 1991 split was Garang himself for he imposed unworkable pursuit-unity of Sudan, he, Dr John remained answerable. Garang influenced a lot of South Sudanese including my granddad to fight for what they were less aware of.
That was inhuman to use people who were unable to know the purpose of their fight against anyone, or right exponent as Machar. All those people just followed Garang for the sake of following him. They all got lost in the world of they-ness epistemologically speaking, so to speak. So correcting this trend, for Machar was or is never ever sacrosanct, rather the reverse.
When hearing people today blaming Machar for fighting for Self-determination consequential to dream became true Independence, as pronounced by Dr. Machar himself the day before the Independence celebrations, they merely do that in hope to assassinate his very personality and to vilify his name in order for him to have no chance to become president of this country for the man shall change the false history of South Sudan, Garang’s new converts fear.
We can see that it is a manifestation of a deep seated hatred against Machar for it is known in general ethics that when two evils occur you rather go for the lesser evil. Now what do we benefit from that lesser evil which Machar opted for? Looking into those queries and speculations-they get resolved partly by Machiavellian theory which is applicable here, for it says ‘the end justifies the means. Then, that partly the death of our people in the aforesaid war year was never intended whatsoever. This necessitates forgiveness and reconciliation countrywide in due time.
Again in the light of Machiavellian theory mentioned, the rational question to ask is, is the aforementioned 1991 case an exception? To me the answer is negative that it isn’t. Is South Sudan Independence a valuable freedom for all South Sudanese of different walks of life? I answer with affirmative, then why brooding over the death of our people whose untimely death, which is sacrificial one, turned out as our today pride? Can we not be heartened and solaced by this fact, which reads in this embodiment: our fallen heroes and heroics died in fighting for the extant independence in one form or the other; hence they did not die in vain? For we all cry when commemorating their lives and duties as well as we all laugh when remembering their epoch achievements on our existent Independence.
This kind of political action is not sacrosanct as I alluded to somewhere above. It is one of the useful-meaningful side of politics. It might resonate resembling what is known as necessary evil politically speaking. Let it be. We have to bear it embracing the spirit of tolerance resulting to realization of our common good minus what takes us apart genuinely loving what binds us together effecting prosperity coming into existence, and this is tantamount to happiness of us all. Next we turn to discuss how Machar’s political ideology is overshadowing Kiir’s.
Dr. Machar over Mr. Kiir
Dr. Machar is now winning over Mr. Kiir. What is the reason for this? To right away answer you without any further ado, I must say that Dr. Machar has got a doable political ideology opposed to Kiir’s. This brings us to wonder of what the two political key players’ ideologies may be. What are their political ideologies then? Let us answer in the following order. Machar be first and Kiir next.
What is Machar’s political ideology? In short, Machar’s political ideology is none other than Democracy. In this democracy or government, Machar’s system of governance as he already fine-tuned- is federalism. And this federal government shall get undergirded by a federal constitution, which is the skeleton of the sovereign state of South Sudan.
Then this constitution embodies all fundamental rights, especially inalienable rights of all men and women viz: South Sudanese and others. It also contains diverse provisions on how best different public institutions can get re-established and how preeminent they ought to function. It implies that justice content too, is guaranteed; be it the rule of law, rights and equality ….etc.
Such a tremendous success be compelling us to impose both transparency and accountability rigorous application in all state public institutions and this encompasses all three government levels, notably; federal, state and county. This is synonymous to radical eradication of corruption in the country; hence it is the potential emergence of much needed prosperity.
This exactly is consequential to Machar’s would be prosperous Africa tiger: a democratic federal state of South Sudan, in which Mabior, Ajawin, Udiki, Gatdet, Tombe to mention a few from our beautiful diverse ethnic groups, all indiscriminately shall be enjoying Machar’s state of equal rights, identical dignity, equivalent opportunities based on merit and so on.
Next is the instillation of the what-ness of Kiir’s political ideology, what is it all about? Well, Kiir’s political ideology is all about dinkocracy as El Haj Paul oftentimes labels it or what the distinquished Professor David Dechand characterizes as Kiirocracy or it was also characterized as benyocracy by professor Tabn Loliong of the university of Juba and this typical government by definition is a government of Dinka by the Dinka for the Dinka. Such dinkocracy is for Dinka elders, a real substitution of democracy and its definition.
The system of governance in this respect is totally a confused way of intermittently talking to use decentralized system of governance and ending up practicing centralized system of governance that is branded as quasi decentralized system of governance directed by Dinka elders based on a policy known as muonyjiengism that embedded the necessity of institutionalizing a Jieng state, in which none-Jiengs have been criterioned to die in anywhere they are found. South Sudanese have already witnessed the genocidal program of this Kiir’s Jieng state early when what I called Kiiroproject first got applied on Lou Nuer in 2006.
This war by President Kiir killed approximately 6,000 or more. Then the sequential killings went on to shulluk kingdom where in Owacj 2010 and so more or less thousands of unarmed people were mass-massacred, Gawaar and Laak Nuer in Kaldak in 2011were mercilessly annihilated. Bol Nuer in 2010 too were given the same treatment of their cousins and it reached Murle people in 2010-2013 where Kiir worked harder and harder to eliminate the all tribe by all means, God forbids.
This paradigmatic Kiir’s ill-sequentialism of genocide resulted to its irrational action peak on 15.12.2013 during which all Nuers of different walks of life were criterioned as 91s by none other than president Kiir Mayardit himself. All the aforesaid homicides of non-Jiengs were meant to pave Kiir’s way to possibly institutionalize an exclusively Jieng State in which Dinka’s ‘we are born to rule and not to be ruled’ be implemented to its fullness. This has been proved right by Bona Malual, one of the Jeing council of elders who explicitly put it clear that such a state has to exist by all means necessary, or else Dinka will have nowhere to go, Malwal argued.
Such killings to institutionalize Jieng state, need to be stopped by all the targeted abovementioned Nations plus targeted Nations in potency. For if these Nations leave the problem to one Nation like Nuer, it will come to annihilate them one by one, should the Nuer be unable to stand their ground in full support of the SPLM or SPLA-IO, this is the intentionality of Kiir Mayardit.
I call upon all people South Sudan, particularly the experiencing Murle , shulluk, fertits and Equatorians, and Dinka pandang that they should not easily forget the struggle for appeasement ranks and money. That all of you have to say enough is enough in a nationalistic way to Dinka government. To sum up our thesis, existential logic obliges us to admit that Dr. Riek Machar Teny won over Dr. John Garang. And president Kiir is being won over by Dr. Machar Teny.
Based upon his mission, the independence of South Sudan that got actualized plus his vision, democracy tied with federalism, Dr. Machar has qualified himself to be called the founding father of this country who right now settles assured at the right side of this Republic history and his rivals settle uncertain at the reverse. I expect a bitter reactions from Kiir’s Sycophants, tribal bigots, Jieng indoctrinated lackeys, radicalized diehards, quasi professors and care free cronies, all those who unknowingly or knowingly refuse objective knowledge, may be tempted to make some premature conclusions or shall start writing non-reflected upon responses, attacking personalities.
Should any one feel like doing so, let them for methinks it is true for me to give you this simple piece of critique. If anyone should choose to write in a scientific way, let them, for that’s what I entertain most than the opposite. Have your strictures on this or otherwise.
The author is a concern South Sudanese who can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org
It is very sad and heartbreaking to hear such admirations toward the killer and I hope Dr. Garang family wil read this article to see how their father legacy is being brush off by the who were trying to kill him in the 1910s. To maboir Garang I do not know how you feel when hear people say this killer won on over your Daddy? In every meeting this fool conducted you hear people cheering for him humiliating your father and you just sit their there looking like dummy. My advise to you sire if you do not like Kiir then stay away from his administration and do not join this stupid moment, which their ideologists are to humiliate your father. I hope you will not attend that meeting in pagak if you do you will hear more humiliations toward your family especially your father again. To stop more embarrassment do not go to that meeting. To the stupid Nuer, Mr. Riek is not on the right side and he did not win anything, he is killing Nuer young generations every now and then that is the only thing he won if you call it a win. You do not see it now because he fools you by lying to you all the times, you will realize this fact when he is gone and watch out his son is going to do the same thing to you.
It is very sad and heartbreaking to hear such admirations toward the killer and I hope Dr. Garang family will read this article to see how their father legacy is being brush off by the who were trying to kill him in the 1910s. To maboir Garang I do not know how you feel when hear people say this killer won on over your Daddy? In every meeting this fool conducted you hear people cheering for him humiliating your father and you just sit their there looking like dummy. My advise to you sire if you do not like Kiir then stay away from his administration and do not join this stupid moment, which their ideologists are to humiliate your father. I hope you will not attend that meeting in pagak if you do you will hear more humiliations toward your family especially your father again. To stop more embarrassment do not go to that meeting. To the stupid Nuer, Mr. Riek is not on the right side and he did not win anything, he is killing Nuer young generations every now and then that is the only thing he won if you call it a win. You do not see it now because he fools you by lying to you all the times, you will realize this fact when he is gone and watch out his son is going to do the same thing to you
Ofcourse accepting harsh reality is difficult
just imagine if all southerners followed your man Riak Machar when he and his group rebelled against the movement that brought us the freedom , which we the people of South Sudan are in today , we would have been still under jalaba system ,but thanks to those Dinkas and some Nuers ,others southerners who remained strongly in the movement of liberation,history is history ,even if you painted it with gold its background will remain known to the people , Riak Machar and some ignorance Nuers has spoiled the South Sudan and real nationalistic Nuer in particular , the crisis we are in today was brought by Riak and his groups like 1991 , we are backward because power, many South Sudanese lost their lives in this crisis for no reason,this crisis was encouraged by tribal internet militias who were singing songs of hatred on Sudan tribune before the crisis started in December 2013, Well in your article you need to tell the truth without being bias , South Sudan is big ,rich with alot of resources it can take us all if we leave these negativeness ways thinking towards others, ,if we stop tribal writings also we will be the best in Africa
I think you are confused between addressing my comment and the writer of the article. Its not even close to being constructive criticism and rather tribalist contrary to that of a liberator’s take sorry
It is difficult thing to call officials government stupid and use word inappropriate these two people Dr: Riek and Salva Kiir are struggle for power and let see what they are taking us through do your part don,t just blaming it take brain to do this job you get power after killing people in this atrocitie don,t look back look forward before is toolate fore you.
good to file those speaches of how some one could file a book and also how can one talk on a known history of /who was key holder of the current southsudan &which dinkas are claiming that it’s theirs!’; actually trully you are Bravo with those words seeming like gawaracy orgin ‘but am sure 100%you are some one amongst them (gawar ) keep that history with fresh ;IQ.;
Dr. Machar the South Sudanese prominent politician with the best ideaologies. He brings us independent South Sudan. He w,ll bring democracy to our country to adopt reforms such as political reform, economic reform etc.
Nuer DR Machar never fought Arabs but he was fighting south Sudanese if you don’t believe me than you will tell me which battles did machar fight and cities he has captured from arabs. He realised that he was going to remain in exile or a refugee in Sudan that was why he gave up came back to join Garang because he had no where to go and Machar and all Nuers believe in a false propecy of NGUNGDENGISM that Nuerman with diastema will rule SOUTH SUDAN and Machar claim to be the one if he thinks that he is loved like the way his lose people are praising him i think he would have waited and challenge kiir in ballots rather than a shortcard. Machar will come back like the way he has been doing it all along, i came to realise that there is no differences between literate and illiterate Nuer idealogy is the same.”NO MATTER HOW LONG A LOG STAY IN A RIVER, IT WILL NEVER CHANGE INTO CROCODILE.
It is interesting to hear people talk about Nuer movement but what I see now the movement is not belong to Nuer but we are victim in Kiir Gov. This movement it is for all S Sudanese people. If you don’t feel the pain all S Sudanese people facing now, you have right to say any words about Nuer because you build in your heart the chronic hatred will never ever alleviate but keep in mind not all our Dinka brothers always characterize us as fool people and we don’t know nothing just some individual like you.
Son of Bentiu
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I think and hope not all Dinka people have small mind you have my friend and will not share that feeling toward South Sudanese, especially Nuer.Didn’t some Dinka intellectuals tell you that South Sudan is a country , not a Dinka land .South Sudan is a unity all of tribes in it. A primitive person like you who happen to have little education can talk like you did
That is the true you are talking because I have never heard that Machar fought Arabs he cost problem here in south Sudan and ran to Arab so after he saw that CPA is near that he dissuaded to came back to join south Sudan. and to make it worse after he came from Jalaba we southern also accept him in higher place. Can you remember the song of Emmanuel Kembe the KULU ZOLU AZU KUN BENYI,BENYI WA FAYIDA MAFI LE JUNUB NAMANA RIJA LE JALABA KAM ALIFU MESKIN GIMUTU
Ofcourse from all your article you are right just keep up reminding those people who did not know the history of this big man in south sudan.
You should know this guys Riek is not a winner, he is a loser because he proves himself wrong by waging war against his own people. To me Garang is a winner, why? because he was for the whole Sudan because he knew that if we separated ourselves from the whole Sudan we will be killing ourselves like what is going on. so this war justify his point of remaining under one Sudan.
Yes, what I believe is that Dr Riek is not the winner because he used to pull us back during the struggle movment. I took time to read the author’s article, and what I realised so far was the author of main article is a political spectator, or like someone is sitting and watching the football ganes.
Only what we want is peace in South Sudan instead of creating hatred between communities .
Some Northerners are laughing. Let the abeed killed the abeed.
I am not laughing. I hate the idea of Black people killing each other. Black lives matter.
I’d like to see Southerners call for a cease fire. That’s the best thing for all Southerners.
Then the focus should be on improving the quality of life.
Meanwhile in America..
Congratulations Mr. Author for authoring undeniable facts about the successfull 1991 Nasir-declaration of self-determination of our visionary leader Dr.Riak Machar Teny who tirelessly fought and did well against the North Sudan’s dictatorship & marginalization which is the same with current governance system of Mr. Ebola Dinka Killer Kiir Mayar. So, I quiet sure that Dr. Machar will also overcome dictatorship system of Salva Kiir anytime, at anyday in anyhour because it is just a matter of time.
both are loser whether Riek or krill no difference of nuer &dinka trib
the current goverment is benyocracy government means only one trib government is for the dinka and by the dinka and for the dinka means south sudan is for the dinka forgeting other tribs
His sons and him are not from South Sudan. He is prison and treated well.
I think people here who blaming about DR: Riek that he did not fought Arabian are just political wrangle, if he did not fought Arab what south sudan count resident ciivlian he fought for?did he fought with Dinka Nuer Eguatoria,Nuba, when he lead Muor Muor into First Gorila War? Name one tribe folk don,t be just corrected the one person they both side have their own Administration mistake. Second after 1991 coup both side did not fought Arab either they just sit and relax we all thought our only Enemy is Arab but now it turn out to be us this make us look in the face of the World like we don,t know who own the land we do own the land but now Arab is Laughing at us we are just too eager every one of us should be leader no don,t work that way every one he/she has his own gift
If Dr Machar liberated the whole of Upper Nile that was under his command as recorded by history, then the question is from whom did Machar liberated Upper Niles from? Jalab?, jaang?, Equatorians or from Nuers? South Sudanese are stupid and like to lie. Ofcourse Machar fought the Arab and kicked them out of Upper Nile by capturing every major towns from the Arab N-Sudan forces.
We do have a lot of top officials government their wife,son in western world and they live in Juba still holding their position, this claim is Nonesense about DR:Riek son is in prison treated well all those top official have their own back up plan don,t be perjudice meanwhile not only i western world. SECOND FOLK I HAVEN,T RECEIVE THE QUESTION THAT DR: RIIEK HAD NEVER FOUGHT ARAB DURING HE LEAD MUOR MUOR INTO FIRST GORILA WAR? ANSWER FOLK DON,T HESITATED THIS IS NO JOKE IS POLITICAL ISSUE DON,T JUST POST AND NEVER FOLLOW IF ANY ONE TAKE THIS PERSONALLY HE IS POLITICALLY WRONG BE CAREFUL TO WHAT YOU DO OR SAY THIS IS TOUGH GOVERNMENT AND THEY BOTH MAINTAINING PROGRESS AND ABSTACLE IDEALOGY. PLEASE LET US UNDERSTAND SEREOUSLY BY JAMES PUOCH KUON
I dont think dinkas know the word vision,if they know Garang vision of New Sudan died with him in 2005.