South Sudan: Tribalism, Deceptiveness, and The Lack of Political Will Become the Dominant Cultures and Norms.

By Nyith L. Bukjiok,

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Paul Malong Awan, the Chief of Staff(Photo: file)

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Paul Malong Awan, the Chief of Staff(Photo: file)

June 13, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — It had been 18 months already when the civil war broke out in South Sudan. Thus, genuine seekers down to earth have been inquiring what caused the outburst in South Sudan. Neither South Sudanese government nor the international community wants to point out what caused the conflict in South Sudan. Given my experience as a South Sudanese and who follow South Sudan’s past and current events closely. I have no trouble underpinning the root causes of today’s conflict in South Sudan. There are three things that are destroying the social fabric in South Sudan. These three epidemic of South Sudan’s problems is tribalism, deceptiveness, and lack of effective government.

First, South Sudan is preoccupied with the tribal mindset that had been and will be there for many years to come. The tribal conflict between the Dinka and Nuer has been there for decades if not centuries. Being the two major tribes in South Sudan, in essence, contributes on how they manage the current politics in the country. In any government around the world, politics is a tool that can be used to settle social problems. Politics by definition is the “activities associated with the governance of a country or other area, especially the debate or conflict among individuals or parties having or hoping to achieve power”(google.com). Given the tribal mindset in South Sudan, the two tribes Dinka and Nuer becomes too political.

The second problem that destroys the social fabric in South Sudan is inexperience in government. South Sudan became an independent country on July 9, 2011 as a result of a “Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) signed in 2005 between Khartoum and SPLM/SPLA. When South Sudan was part of the whole Sudan, the current administrators in South Sudan had never experienced working in a civil service administration. During the struggle, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM/SPLA) was busy fighting the Sudanese government in Khartoum. Its job was not to provide services to the people rather than people (civilians) provides services for it. When these men and women in uniform had an opportunity to exercise their God given rights to serve their people, they become opportunistic, corrupt, nepotistic, inexperience, and tribal. These characteristics of the ruling party SPLM played a role in what caused this conflict.

The third immoral behavior that destroys the social fabric of South Sudan is dishonesty. The definition of dishonest is being a cheater, a liar, and an untruthful. The majority of South Sudanese leaders are liars, erratic, and hypercritical. No one brave enough to tell the truth accepts Dr. Riek Machar Teny, Nyandeng De Mabior, and Professor Dr. Peter Aduok Nyaba. I have no any other collection of a leader who tells the truth about what’s killing South Sudanese as a nation. To serve in a public office, a public servant should be honest, responsive, accountable, and transparent. These qualities are very rare in South Sudan.

In conclusion, to live as people, one nation, as the false slogan in Juba stated, South Sudan needs to stop tribal mindset that it carries every day as its bible. It needs to stop looting public resources for private gain. It needs to stop hiring people basis on nepotism rather than the merits of talent, skill, knowledge, and other characteristics. And then, it needs to stop being a dishonest government, erratic, and hypercritic. To eradicate all these evil practices, we need a government that is accountable, responsive, transparent, and efficient. Last not least, these things could not happen without allocating an equitable justice. South Sudan needs a justice that is fair, equitable, ethical, and practical for all.

Nyith L. Bukjiok: The author of this article holds a double BA in Political Studies and Public Administration. Also, he is a candidate of Master’s in Public Administration (MPA) at Walden University Minneapolis, MN. He should be reached @ nlbukjiok@yahoo.com or @ ngonnyakier@gmail.com


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