President Kiir’s Man-made Disasters The Vulnerability of Women-headed Households and Children Without Families.

By Jock Nhial Both Kerjiok,

Child soldiers under government allied Cobra rebels sit with their rifles at a ceremony for their disarmament, demobilization and reintegration(Photo: file)

Child soldiers under government allied Cobra rebels sit with their rifles at a ceremony for their disarmament, demobilization and reintegration(Photo: file)

July 18, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — In war children are inevitably innocent victims.  The carnage of World War II resulted in more children being killed or orphaned than at any other time in European history.  In contrast, more children were killed in the South Sudan inter-tribal conflict than World War II.  We concentrate on post-war life by placing children in the context of the environment in which they were living at the time.  Many articles outline the work carried out by relief agencies on how South Sudan began to rebuild itself, and how the children were fed, made healthy, and, where possible, reunited with their families.  Many psychologists are concerned on the physical and psychological damage the children have suffered during the war and its aftermath. 

The 21st century continues to see patterns of Nuer children being the innocent victims caught between opposing combatant forces in the civil war in South Sudan, and most often killed by the Dinka-government soldiers, just for being Nuer children.  So often they are the victims of high-energy wounding from military and Uganda air bombing.  Nuer children have been deliberately targeted victims in genocidal civil wars in South Sudan in the past 19months.  Hundreds of thousands have been killed and maimed in the context of close-quarter hand-to-hand assaults by the aggressive military Dinka-government.  This was reported by Doctors without Borders and other international agencies.  They have a significant strategic role to play as advocates for the rights and welfare of the children.

One chronic legacy of contemporary warfare is blast injury to children from landmines.  Such blasts leave children without feet or lower limbs, genital injuries, blindness and deafness.  Last year in Nasir County, this pattern of injury has become one of the worst post-civil war atrocities.  We continue to advocate for the international ban on the manufacture of landmine and military use of antipersonnel landmines, and promote Post-traumatic stress disorder remaining the undertreated legacy for children who have been trapped, shot and shelled in the battles, as well as those displaced as refugees.

Since 2013, over 2. Million South Sudanese people have been displaced and 50,000 have died as an immediate result of natural and man-made disasters.  In July 2015, the refugee camps registered nearly 2.5 million displaced South Sudanese people.  This article reviews the human impact of disasters as a composite of two elements; the catastrophic event itself and the vulnerability of Children.

In 1989, the UN General Assembly passed the Convention on the Rights of the Child. This entered into force in the following year, and as with the child survival and development revolution, it touched a highly responsive chord, and faced fewer obstacles to ratification than most other human rights instruments.

The year 1990 was, therefore, a watershed for children. The World Summit and the passage into international law of the Convention on the Rights of the Child were crowning moments of twin campaigns: for children at the leading edge of human development, and for children at the cutting edge of human rights.

These campaigns may have crystallized during the 1980s, but their expansion belongs to the whole course of the post-World War II and post-colonial period. In the decade of the 1990s, these campaigns have converged and begun to take on each other’s colouring and perspective.

The following historical review commemorates UNICEF’s 50th anniversary year and traces decade by decade how the cause of children internationally has evolved over the past 50 years. It explores the contribution of UNICEF against the backcloth of changing ideas in social and economic affairs, and tries to see where the children’s cause is headed for the year 2000 and beyond. The president of South Sudan his killing the Children in 21 century there is Convention on the Rights of the children?

“The Australia for UNHCR is an Australian charity that raises funds to support the work of the UN Refugee Agency (UNHCR) in Australia. Our purpose is to provide life-changing humanitarian support to refugees and other displaced and stateless people who come under the care and protection of the UN Refugee Agency”.

As well as providing emergency relief like shelter, food, water, and medical care, our generous supporters improve refugees’ future opportunities, providing infrastructure, schools, and income generating projects, we also need to advocate for the right of children in South Sudan as they are the victims of their own Government.

The author, Jock Nhial Both Kerjiok, is a graduate in Child protection and Student of Master in Youth and society -currently studying in Flinders University- Australia. He can be reached at jock2005sd@yahoo.com

cc:

  • Cunneen and R White, Juvenile Justice: Youth and Crime in Australia, Third Edition, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, 2007.
  • Ambassador E. Michael Southwick, working group on child soldiers, Geneva, January 13, 2000.  J. Kain, F. Concha, L. Moreno, and B. Leyton,
  • “School-based obesity prevention intervention in Chilean children: effective in controlling, but not reducing obesity,” Journal of Obesity, vol. 2014, Article ID 618293, 8 pages, 2014.

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