OPINION: THE SUCCESS OR FAILURE OF ANY MOVEMENT IS DETERMINED BY HOW IT HAS ACHIEVED ITS OBJECTIVES.

BY Mabior Garang,

Mabior Garang de Mabior, son of SPLM/A founder weighing his own revolution within revolutions(Photo credit: supplied)

Mabior Garang de Mabior, son of SPLM/A founder weighing his own revolution within revolutions(Photo credit: supplied)

April 11, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — the success or failure of any Movement is determined by how it has achieved its objectives. The root cause of the current crisis in our country – and the outbreak of civil war – was the charge made by a group of SPLM Leaders, opposed to the new political dispensation which arose after 2005. These leaders under the direction of Dr, Riek Machar – then Deputy Chairman of the historic SPLM – challenged the status quo, calling a press conference on December 6 2013 – the rest is history, as it were.

The opposition politics which arose after the regime’s violent response – documented by the African Union Comission of Inquiry on South Sudan – was a hopelessly divided one. The opposition has been so divided throughout the course of the war, with the various groups conspiring with the regime against the others at different times.

It has been painful to watch.

The failure of the various opposition groups to present a united front against the power elite who preside over the unbearable status quo in our country, has ultimately resulted in our un-negotiated surrender. The stated objective of the opposition groups was, “to institute radical reforms, to bring about fundamental change in our country and basically to deliver the promise of the liberation struggle which gave us a flag”.

I am sad to say, we have failed and to claim we are still fighting for change is mischief!

It is true; the SPLM/SPLA (IO) could not wage the struggle alone, after the SSOA and FDs surrendered to the regime over one year ago. They have been voting with the regime and have even given the regime the power to chose their leaders. Coupled with the international diplomatic pressure mounted on the SPLM/SPLA (IO), the Movement was left with no options but to succumb to the illusion of peace. Any responsible citizen who has read the Agreement, knows that not a single provision of the Agreement has been implemented. In fact, the Agreement is being dismantled before our eyes – especially Security Arrangements – and we are helpless to stop it – in fear of losing our brand new jobs. If we have agreed to form the government outside the provisions of the Agreement and in the absence of credible Security Arrangements in the country; how can we then claim we have not surrendered.

The movement towards radical reforms and fundamental change has stalled. The opposition groups are in denial of their surrender to the status quo and still claim to be doing revolution. Our surrender would be honourable if we had the courage to admit it. We would be able to take stock and audit the revolution; we would be able to see where we have gone wrong and make revolutionary corrections. The revolutionary cadres in the Movement would be able to reorganize and transform the struggle, to fit the new political dispensation. The claim by the opposition that, “we can’t fight the system from outside we must join the system and fight it from the inside”, is mischief. This is the language of people who have been defeated. There is no way one can destroy a system which they are a part , you would be destroying yourself. It is actually from outside that a system can be destroyed. It is more likely for the opposition to become part of the oppressive system, than for the opposition to dismantle the system from within and history shows this.

The future of our peoples’ struggle for fundamental change is now in the hands of our civil population. We; the so-called “politicians” have been compromised, we have become part of the oppressive system. It is only through “people power”, our struggle still has a chance to be carried out to its logical conclusion. And though Covid.19 is a real existential threat and we must take it more seriously than we currently are, we should not allow any dark forces to politicise this global pandemic in order to further their objectives. The UNMISS is better informed and better equipped to handle the crisis within the camps – dismantling the camps would be a bad idea. The UN is not our enemy, they have been the only lifeline for our peoples’ for the entire duration of the history of our nascent Republic. The South Sudanese civil population displaced and forgotten in the refugee camps in neighbouring countries and within the country, have emerged as the strongest political force and should not allow this global pandemic to be weaponized against us by the traditional elite. Our people should follow the directives of the WHO and continue to put pressure on the R-TGONU to do the right thing not only regarding implementation of the Agreement, but even with regard to this new threat.

A luta Comtinua!

Cpt. Mabior Garang is South Sudan Deputy Minister of Interior. He can be reached through his social media page at Mabior Garang;


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President’s Daughter, Defense Ministry, and Governor Linked to Mining Sector Corruption in South Sudan

President Kiir’s Associates Tied to 32 Mining Companies; High-Level Corruption in Minerals Sector Risks Fueling Armed Conflict, Report Warns,

By Sentry,

Washington, DC

Incumbent President Salva Kiir, whose term expires in one month, meet five of the former detainees in Juba, South Sudan(Photo: file)

Incumbent President Salva Kiir, whose term expires in one month, meet five of the former detainees in Juba, South Sudan(Photo: file)

April 2, 2020 (Nyamilepedia) – At a time when South Sudan’s government most needs to generate resources for urgent public health-related challenges including the Covid-19 pandemic, one of its promising revenue streams is beset by mismanagement and corruption. The Sentry’s latest investigative report reveals how South Sudan’s promising gold-dominated minerals sector is riddled with corruption involving President Salva Kiir’s relatives and inner circle, military leaders, and other high-level officials. Published today, the report further exposes illegal mining now underway in Eastern Equatoria state, where the governor has ties to numerous mining businesses, as well as the Ministry of Defense’s involvement in problematic mining licensing deals.

Untapped and Unprepared: Dirty Deals Threaten South Sudan’s Mining Sector” warns that, without strong reforms, abuse in the minerals sector could spur the same kind of resource-driven violence that plagued the petroleum industry throughout civil wars fought on South Sudanese soil dating back to the 1980s.

John Prendergast, Co-Founder of The Sentry, said”Through close relatives and allied government officials, President Salva Kiir is linked to dozens of mining companies in South Sudan. The president’s core network has used its control of the minerals sector to consolidate its grip on South Sudan’s state revenues and natural resources. If South Sudan’s people are to benefit from the country’s mineral wealth, including lifesaving healthcare urgently needed in the face of a global pandemic, financial institutions should take immediate steps to identify and monitor the bank accounts of those in power, their business networks, families, and inner circles.”

The Sentry further established that Kiir’s close associates and lower-level ministers have held shares in no fewer than 32 South Sudanese companies established to extract minerals. The government has yet to disclose crucial information about their ownership structures, activities, or open applications for licenses, undermining public scrutiny of a sector already at heightened risk for corruption and raising questions about who benefits from South Sudan’s mineral wealth.

Sophie Lombardo, Investigator for The Sentry, said: “Without swift action, South Sudan’s mining sector may fall into the same traps as the oil sector, which has helped drive war in South Sudan for decades. Military interests abound, either through joint ventures with private investors or companies controlled by the Ministry of Defense. The Sentry’s investigative findings reveal opaque and questionable deals that raise significant concerns about secret off-budget revenues within an institution marred by a history of abuse.”

 

J.R. Mailey, Investigations Director at The Sentry, said: “Today, widespread corruption, mismanagement, and poor oversight in the mining sector are intertwined in a vicious cycle. Individuals linked to criminal activities have received numerous mining licenses, as have companies with little technical or financial capacity, raising serious questions about how licenses are granted. The mineral sector in South Sudan is still in its early development stage, however, so the implementation of critical reforms can deliver enormous benefits for the future of the country. Policy action is needed now, such as the creation of a regularly updated public online register disclosing the beneficial ownership of mining sector businesses.”

Report highlights:

  • Although South Sudan took welcome steps to reform the mining sector in 2012, some government officials, their relatives, and their close associates have fostered a weak regulatory environment susceptible to exploitation.
  • Memoranda and articles of incorporation reviewed by The Sentry reveal that politically exposed persons—both President Salva Kiir’s close associates and lower-level ministers—have held shares in no fewer than 32 South Sudanese companies established to extract minerals.
  • Kiir’s daughter partly owns a company with three active mining licenses.
  • A company with three mining licenses lists former Vice President James Wani Igga’s son as a shareholder.
  • Ashraf Seed Ahmed Hussein Ali, a businessman commonly known as Al-Cardinal who was placed under Global Magnitsky sanctions in October 2019, reportedly owns the company currently holding the most mining licenses.
  • In the gold-rich region of Kapoeta, state government officials have issued licenses independently of the central government, a probable violation of South Sudan’s Mining Act that has allowed illegal mining to take place on land previously allocated by Juba to other companies.
  • South Sudan’s military has developed problematic mining interests in an effort to address budgetary shortfalls.

Key recommendations from the report:

South Sudan government:

  • Create a public register disclosing beneficial ownership. Key company ownership information remains inaccessible to the public. A regularly updated public online register would promote good governance and serve as a vital accountability tool for anti-corruption advocates, civil society, and political parties. Moreover, such a move would encourage legitimate investment and demonstrate the government’s commitment to building a more transparent system.
  • Conduct a retroactive audit of the mining sector. Numerous red flags in South Sudan’s mining sector highlight the country’s susceptibility to state capture. In order to assess the effectiveness of the process of awarding licenses to technically competent, legitimate enterprises, the Ministry of Mining should hire an independent external party to retroactively audit all mining companies currently operating in South Sudan. The ministry should further investigate the beneficial owners of mining companies and determine whether politically exposed persons have unfairly profited. As an example, independent audits have been required prior to resuming certified exports following the moratorium implemented as part of the government-led Kimberley Process initiative to clean up the diamond trade.

United States government: 

  • Issue responsible investment reporting requirements. The US Department of State should encourage responsible engagement in South Sudan’s mining sector by implementing investment reporting requirements for US persons. Much as it did in Myanmar, the agency should require companies to file publicly available reports detailing their due diligence, community engagement, human rights, anti-corruption, and environmental efforts within their operations and policies.
  • Issue a public advisory listing typologies and enhanced due diligence measures. Building upon the US Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)’s two anti-money laundering (AML) advisories referencing political corruption in South Sudan, the United States should consider issuing an update or a separate advisory sharing with financial institutions the latest methods and trends used to launder the proceeds of illegal mining and the extractives industry.
  • Expand US sanctions authorities. South Sudan’s conflict dynamics have evolved significantly since then-US President Barack Obama issued EO 13664 in 2014. The US president should issue a new executive order, or amend EO 13664, to provide additional authorities for targeting illicit financial activity.
    • Update sanctions designation criteria to include family members. The current order should be amended to permit the designation of individuals who are the spouses or dependent children of (i) any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to EO 13664 or (ii) any South Sudanese person blocked pursuant to EO 13818.
    • Target captured business sectors. A new executive order should limit or prohibit US persons from conducting business with foreign persons who are active in key sectors of South Sudan’s economy that are captured by regime elites, including the mining and oil industries. Business prohibitions or requirements to report publicly on due diligence measures could emanate from this effort.

United Kingdom and European governments:

  • Issue a public anti-money laundering advisory to financial institutions warning about the extractives industry’s corruption risks. The UK’s National Crime Agency (NCA) and relevant national authorities across continental Europe should issue public AML alerts or advisories on corruption in the extractives sector, citing the risks of laundering the proceeds of corruption in oil, gold, and other natural resource sectors requiring licenses. In order to assist financial institutions in updating their customer due diligence and ongoing monitoring frameworks, an advisory should include typologies and red flags identifying methods that bad actors could use to siphon illicit funds out of South Sudan. These advisories would complement the alert issued by the NCA in February 2020 on illicit money flows related to South Sudanese political corruption.

Read the full report: https://thesentry.org/reports/untapped-unprepared/

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606, gh@thesentry.org
ABOUT THE SENTRY

The Sentry is an investigative and policy team that follows the dirty money connected to African war criminals and transnational war profiteers and seeks to shut those benefiting from violence out of the international financial system. By disrupting the cost-benefit calculations of those who hijack governments for self-enrichment in East and Central Africa, the deadliest war zone globally since World War II, we seek to counter the main drivers of conflict and create new leverage for peace, human rights, and good governance. The Sentry is composed of financial investigators, international human rights lawyers, and regional experts, as well as former law enforcement agents, intelligence officers, policymakers, investigative journalists, and banking professionals. Co-founded by George Clooney and John Prendergast, The Sentry is a flagship initiative and strategic partner of the Clooney Foundation for Justice.

Learn more at www.TheSentry.org.

GAGUANG NATIONAL CONVENTION RESOLUTIONS

MAKER PAYAM, THOROW COUNTY!

Dated 5th & 6th March, 2020.

April 2, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — Gaguang Community drawn from different spectra of the Community that include, Intellectuals and Political Leaders, Local Chiefs, Elders, Church Leaders, Military leaders, Youth groups and Women held a two days Convention in Maker Payam from March 5th -6th 2020 under the Theme: 

        Peace, Reconciliation, Unity and Development”

Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community holding a conference in Maker Payam of Thorow County(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community holding a conference in Maker Payam of Thorow County(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

The Convention that is one of its kinds in a generation and was attended by more than 3,500 participants coming from different spectra of the Community as mentioned above. The Convention deliberated on the following three agenda items:   

  • Internal and External Killings must stop. (Gaguang should live peacefully among themselves and in a co-existence with their neighbors as well);
  • Thorow must remain as a County of its own, although most of the counties created during the war were dissolved. 
  • This Convention shall be held Annually.

(1) FIRST AGENDA ITEM RESOLUTIONS:

After two days intensive deliberations on the agenda items mentioned above, the Conveners resolved the following points: 

  1. That the internal communal conflicts, within Gaguang various sub-clans (in-fighting) or with the neighboring communities be stopped altogether with immediate effect. Based on this resolved point, the Convention participants agreed that: 
  2. Blood -compensation to the victims’ families and relatives as traditions and laws required must be perform with immediate effect with the help and cooperation between County and Local community leaders as soon as possible. The blood compensation shall be back dated at least starting from the past 7 years to compensate the family of the victims who were killed but not compensated in those times by proceeding administration due to various reason; 
  3. To prevent any further communal conflict, the participants in the National Convention agreed that White Army’ as a Peace Force is to be organized with their Leaders nominated by each sub-clan. The leadership of this Peace Force shall jointly work together with County Administration and the Chiefs, and with the entire Community to prevent recurrence of violent conflicts that have been taking toll on lives and livelihoods of our people.  Code of conduct that will guide the operations and the activities of this Peace Forces shall be developed by their leadership with the support of the County Administration prior to the election or selection of the leadership body. Diaspora Community are encourage to provide logistics support to that Peace Force in order to conduct their operations effectively and in timely manner. 

(2) SECOND AGENDA ITEM RESOLUTIONS: 

  1. The Community agreed that a committee drawn from Intellectuals and Political Leaders in conjunction with Community Leaders are to be set to make necessary follow-up with the Country’s leadership on issue of allowing Thorow its inherent and un alienated right to operate as a County of its own given its unique identity as a the distinctive Community within large Eastern Jikany Community;  

(3) THIRD AGENDA ITEM RESOLUTIONS:

  1. The participants to the Convention further agreed that this Peace Convention shall be held annually so as to keep the community informed about the important of managing and prevent conflicts using various conflict management mechanisms including local and traditional conflict management tools. It shall also be done annually to ensure that the Community lives in peace.  In this regard, it was agreed that Diasporas Community Leaders, County Administrations shall take lead in the organization of the next year Convention schedule for the following:
  • 5th MARCH 2021 
Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community posting for a picture in Maker Payam, Thorow County on March 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community posting for a picture in Maker Payam, Thorow County on March 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Maker Payam. 

Priority to the Convention, various Committees and Sub-committees comprising the Gaguang Community Leaders, Intellectuals and Political Leaders and County Administration shall be involved.  

  1. It was also strongly stressed and agreed that Gaguang sons and daughters from diaspora must leave their differences and work collectively for the common good and betterment of the Community.  
  2.  Finally, it was agreed that a Committee consisting of County Administration, Diaspora Community Leaders, Intellectuals and Community Leaders have been constituted to follow the implementation of the resolutions of this Convention in spirit and in letter.    

(4) DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS REQUEST:

  1. Due to heavily flooding, the Community request Government and diaspora Community to construct flood fence in Maker Payam, that would prevent detrimental effects of floods that threatening the life of local populations and their livestock in Maker Payam.
  2. The Community also request basic service such as Primary Health Care and local Schools to be establish in all 7 Payams

PARTICIPANTS WHO HAVE SPOKEN IN THE CONVENTION!

Some of the participants who participated at Gaguang-Nuer community conference in Maker Payam, Thorow County, on March 5th & 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Some of the participants who participated at Gaguang-Nuer community conference in Maker Payam, Thorow County, on March 5th & 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

S/N NAME IN FULL POSITION
1 MR. BHAN GONY CHUOL DAP CHAIRMAN, THOROW COUNTY YOUTH ASSOCIATION
2 MR. CHAN BOL DUOP DEPUTY CHAIRMAN, THOROW COUNTY YOUTH ASSOCIATION
3 MR. MUOCH DENG MAR SECRETARY GENERAL, THOROW COUNTY YOUTH ASSOCIATION
4 MRS. MARY NYAKUTEY PATHOT WOMEN’S LEAGUE
5 MRS. MARTHA NYAYUAL KHAM WOMEN’S LEAGUE
6 MRS. MARY NYANHIAL JOCK WOMEN’S LEAGUE
7 MR. KHER BAYAK MET ELDER FROM NYANG SECTION
8 MR. WIYUAL BUOM KIKUEY ELDER FROM NYANG SECTION
9 MR. JOHN HOTH WUOL ELDER FROM NYANG SECTION
10 MR. PALEK THOK PEAT ELDER FROM CHIE-NYINGIE SECTION
11 MR. STEPHEN KHAN NYAYUL ELDER FROM CHIE-NYINGIE SECTION
12 MR. TUACH GATLOU CHAK ELDER FROM CHIE-NYINGIE SECTION
13 MR. KOANG NYANG KUETH ELDER FROM GAAT-CHIKA SECTION
14 MR. WAL BUOM CHUOL ELDER FROM GAAT-CHIKA SECTION
15 MR. KAYIER PADHAL YUOL ELDER FROM GAAT-CHIKA SECTION
16 MR. LOANG RUOT BANGOANG SUB-CHIEF, MADING PAYAM
17 MR. NGUT CHUOL NGER HEAD CHIEF, KOAT-GUTA PAYAM
18 MR. WAL MALUAK LAM HEAD CHIEF, WANG-NYANG PAYAM
19 MR. YANGDING TUT KOANG HEAD CHIEF, GUR-NYANG PAYAM
20 MR. TOT KUEY TENY HEAD CHIEF, MAKER PAYAM
21 MR. BIEL THOK CHUOL HEAD CHIEF, BIL-JALOK PAYAM
22 MR. TUT KUANY WUR HEAD CHIEF, WECH-NYOT PAYAM
23 MR. CHUOL LUL YOT PARAMOUNT CHIEF, THOROW COUNTY
24 MR. WAL YOR KHAM TOWN BENCH COURT, THOROW COUNTY
25 MR. THANYANG KIIR RANGDIT SENIOR EXECUTIVE OFFICER
26 MR. ISAIHA LAM THOT SENIOR EXECUTIVE OFFICER
27 MATTHEW KEK GACH ROSS COORDINATOR, THOROW COUNTY
28 COL. NYAHON DIEW NYOAP SPLA-IO OFFICER
29 MAJOR PUR DENG LUAL THOROW AREA OPERATION COMMANDER
30 COL. DHAN KUN THIAN THOROW AREA COMMANDER
31 BRIG. GEN. TUACH NYAW DENG DIVISION 3 HEADQUARTER
32 MR. JAMES GUEK RIEK ELDER
33 MR. JAMES KAK LUAL ELDER
34 MR. DAVID GOTE PUOCH PASTOR TRAINEE
35 REV. MICHAEL TOP DUOL PASTOR IN-CHARGE, ECC IN WANTHOA
36 REV. JOHN YIEN CHUOL PASTOR-GUR-NYANG PARISH
37 REV. JAMES WAKOW LUONY PASTOR IN-CHARGE, MADING PARISH
38 REV. JAMES DECH BOTH PRESIDENT, NUER CHRISTIAN NETWORK IN WANTHOA WARODA
39 MR. DUOL KUN THIAN DIASPORA TEAM SECRETARY, FROM AUSTRALIA
40 MR. WILLIAM DENG DHIACH DIASPORA TEAM ADVISOR, FROM USA
41 MR. JAMES GATDET LONY DIASPORA TEAM LEADER, FROM CANADA
42 MR. TUACH BENYCHIENG DOMOK EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, THOROW COUNTY
43 MR. JOHN CHUOL WAL SECRETARY GENERAL, SOBAT AREA
44 HON. YIEN GACH RUEY MP, SECRETARY FOR CABINET AFFAIRS, SOBAT AREA
45 HON. TUT TUACH NYAW COMMISSIONER, THOROW COUNTY
46 H.E. JAMES BANAK RIANG GOVERNOR, SOBAT STATE. He addressed the Convention through phone while he was in Ulang County for insecurity and emergency purpose.

VIVA! GAGUANG NATIONAL CONVENTION!

VIVA! PEACE AND RECONCILIATION!

VIVA! JAMES BANAK RIANG

VIVA! DR. RIEK MACHAR TENY-DHURGON

AUTHORISED BY:

HON. TUT TUACH NYAW,

COMMISSIONER, THOROW COUNTY

MRS. REBECCA NYATER GACH

CHAIRPERSON, GAGUANG COMMUNITY IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  1. JAMES GATDET LONY

CHAIRMAN, GAGUANG COMMUNITY IN CANADA

  1. PETER PAL KONG,

CHAIRMAN, GAGUANG COMMUNITY IN AUSTRALIA

CC: Hon. Maj. Gen. James Banak Riang, Governor Sobat Area

CC: H.E. Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, Chairman & Commander in Chief, SPLM/A-IO.

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