Feb 24, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — The incumbent president of the war-torn South Sudan, Gen. Salva Kiir Mayardit, has issued an amnesty to all his colleagues in exile, the SPLM Leaders, and all the anti-government forces within the country under the leadership of his former Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny.
According to a republican decree, read on South Sudan Television, President Salva Kiir calls on his former vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny, to accept this amnesty and return back the national army that defected his leadership in December, 2013.
The president believes that this “blanket amnesty” is in accordance with the Arusha SPLM Party Reunification Agreement and should be respected by all parties.
Although the amnesty neither entails solving the root causes of the conflict nor justice and accountability, Mr. Kiir believes that the republican decrees must be accepted as a good will gesture for peace and reconciliation.
The president, whose term expires in four months, calls on the former detainees, the SPLM-Uhuru, to return home from exile, and resume political posts under his leadership.
While in Nairobi, Kenya, Salva Kiir met the politicians, who have been evicted from the country and SPLM party on allegations that they have attempted a military coup to overthrow the president.
Part of the deal signed in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, expect Salva Kiir to revoke some of his previous decrees to restore the ruling party and reinstate the SPLM cadres in all the three SPLM major factions.
The president further urges the white army, and all other armed groups, who have taken up arms to put down their guns and return home.
While thousands killed, hundreds of thousands internally displaced, over one million people displaced to the neighboring countries, more than half of the population relies on humanitarian assistance.
An IGAD led peace talks in the neighboring Ethiopia has changed phases with numerous suggestions, threats and impositions, however, hopes of restoring peace through Adis Ababa are fading.
The two sides in the conflict have continued battling for control of oil fields and major towns in the country with little success. While the opposition hangs on control of oil fields in Unity State, Juba invests intensively to ensure that the oil fields in Upper Nile state continue to operate.
South Sudan, which gained her independent in 2011, has topped the world ranking of most volatile states, and dominates the list of most corrupt and fail states.
President Salva Kiir, who locked himself in-doors while writing the decree, has failed to attend the TROIKA sponsored, IGAD led, peace talks in the Addis Ababa.
The delegated Vice President, James Wani Igga, was quoted yesterday questioning what the parties were negotiating in Addis Ababa when a peace agreement has been signed in Arusha, Tanzania.