By Hon. Duop Nyidar Lap,
Former MP National Assembly, Juba
Member SPLM/SPLA Movement,
June 04, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Since 2005 when Kiir became the Sudan’s First Vice President and President of South Sudan, everyone in the SPLM/A knew that Salva Kiir was not the right man to succeed the brilliant and charismatic leader Dr. John Garang. As was later confirmed by the former American President George Bush Jr., Salva Kiir has no capacity to govern South Sudan whether the Dinka Elders Committee likes it or not. While three quarters of all South Sudanese agree that Salva Kiir is corrupt, tribalistic, dictator, murderous and incapable of ruling the Country, they do not agree on a common action. Let me start by stating the views of those who have publicly made their positions known.
Equatorians in Government think the current conflict is a Nuer/Dinka conflict and have nothing to do with other ethnic groups in the South. They also think mistakenly, that the two tribes are responsible for all the problems confronting the new nation. This may be partly true, but it never occurs to them that Nuer always fight and are now fighting for democracy and justice denied by Salva Kiir and some greedy and malicious Dinka to all South Sudanese.
This group while some times sympathetic to SPLM/A – IO positions, are not boldly open for reasons only they know. If this group cannot be stirred to action by national issues like tribalism, corruption and impunity (lack of rule of law) committed by Kiir regime what about serious acts of aggression against their people namely; rapping of Equatoria girls by Kiir and his Mathiang Anyoor, land grabbing, the sale of rich parts of Equatoria lands by Kiir to Museveni and Kenyatta cannot spur them to action? The supposedly official Equatoria leadership led by the dull and clownish James Wani Igga is not expected to deliver any wise and strategic leadership.
Recently some Equatorian revolutionaries have realized that the struggle to topple Salva Kiir’s regime is the duty of every South Sudanese and cannot be left to those of Upper Nile alone. These revolutionaries have started their military operations against Kiir corrupt regime and are fast establishing their presence in East, Central and Western Equatoria in collaboration and cooperation with SPLM/A – IO.
The “Nuer Wew” represents human traits of betrayal, greed and exploitation. Some relatives of the Nuer Wew were murdered in front of their families by Kiir militias but yet decided to remain behind to serve Kiir! What does this teach us about human behavior?
Civil organizations that have traditionally been known for being advocates of citizens’ rights have been seriously compromised by Kiir’s regime. Only very few from these organizations have stood their ground so far under the tremendous Kiir’s regime intimidation and threats and are working with the opposition.
The so-called Former Detainees (FD) is the most controversial group in the current conflict. They are trying hard to hit and exploit many stakeholders in the conflict, including Kenyatta and Museveni, with one stone. While they were in the heart of the problem when it started, they have now and after being released, chosen an opportunistic and selfish middle ground with the hope of earning them the support of regional and international actors. Although all of them have fat accounts in foreign lands which they squandered during their long service as ministers in Kiir’s corrupt regime, they continue to live lavishly in Nairobi using Kenyan taxpayers’ money.
This group, according to their leader Pagan Amum said they do not want to stain their hands with the blood of South Sudanese! See how opportunists can be so smart to re-invent themselves? These people have been in the top leadership of the SPLM/A. Can you believe how many innocent lives they took away without trials while commanding the SPLM/A? They say you can deceive people twice but not in the third round.
By self-appointing themselves to mediate between the SPLM/A – IO and SPLM/A Juba, the so-called FDs have consciously distanced themselves from being parties to the conflict. They are now “shuhud hakuma”, (translated as witnesses or accused persons who have agreed to testify in favour of the government on condition that they are given soft sentences. I wonder who in the SPLM/A – IO leadership Council will fall prey to such opportunistic and deceptive political designs and maneuvers by the FDs!
The Dinka Community Elders has now replaced the Council of Ministers which is supposed to be the one making government policies and programs. By subordinating the Council to the Community, Salva has effectively implemented what everybody suspected – “Dinkanization” of the government. Since December 2013 Kiir’s government has been planning and implementing Dinka agenda. The Dinka Community agenda is for the continuation of hostilities. They fear that when Salva falls out of power this will be their end and together with Kiir some of them will be booked at the ICC.
With the inability of IGAD to put their eggs in one basket but fragmented by national/personal interests of each IGAD states leaders, IGAD Mediation has stalled. Museveni has now taken over as the operation officer in Greater Upper Nile war front. The supposed IGAD neutrality has been violated and has in turn failed any attempt to broker peace in South Sudan.
As the situation stand and with the arrogance and impunity displayed by KIIR, there is no hope for a negotiated peace in the near future.
The situation is not hopeless as I suggested above for in this universe everything has a beginning and an end including life itself. God has designed the world in such a way that everything in it contradicts and complements each other. This scientific reality may not be good news for dictator Kiir and his friend in crime Museveni.