By Ter Manyang Gatwech
April 15th,2016 (Nyamilepedia) –– The Executive Director of International Youth for Africa (IYA), Ter Manyang Gatwech has call on the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) to increased the participation in development in order for the country to grow foster’’ said Manyang. The biggest calamity is the ‘’stereotypes and gender glass ceiling’’ in South Sudan which prevent women not to participate both private sector and public sector. The IYA carryout the research about the problem of South Sudanese women faced both interior and exterior say, there is lack of gender equality, gender relations and gender mainstreaming in South Sudan. They described South Sudan as ‘’Patriarchal society’’ according to Nyakuoth. Said ‘’women need to be feminists in order to transform the society’’.
Education and economic empowerment of women have significant potential to reduce poverty in the country. The benefits of education passes to the next generation–mothers who have had an education are more than twice as likely to send their own children to school as mothers with no education. And, according to the International Planned Parenthood Federation, on average, women reinvest up to 90 percent of their incomes back into their own households, compared to 30-40 percent by men. Currently, women’s unpaid labour is estimated to contribute up to 50 percent of GDP in some countries. Women produce 50 percent of agricultural output in Asia, and represent nearly 80 percent of the agricultural labour force in parts of Africa. If women had the same access as men to agricultural resources, production would increase by 20-30 percent, and has the potential to reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 12-17 percent, according to research by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. As the world population passes 7 billion people, reducing maternal mortality and achieving universal access to reproductive health is critical to sustainability. Today, more than 200 million women in developing countries have an unmet need for contraception. Research shows that if we were to meet women’s needs to plan the number and spacing of their pregnancies, population growth would slow and global carbon emissions would decrease by between 8-15 percent—the equivalent of stopping all current deforestation.
It is this continuous realisation of women’s integral role in development process that brought in concepts such as “Women in Development”. The Women in Development (WID) approach promotes women’s integration in development efforts by focusing on women, looking at how the process of development has made an impact on the position of women in society. The study of women in development focus upon development and the economics of development i.e., the distribution economic benefits rather than its growth singularly. South Sudan is the only country in the World with 75 per cent is not educated. ‘’You empowered woman, you empowered the whole nation’’
The key question in such contexts is essentially “who gets what”. Indicators of human development show that women have an unequal share in the processes of development and they are often endowed with negative development merits. When resources are stretched, then, it is women the most marginalised in the first place, who suffer first and most. Women have the smallest share of the resources pie of the world; when its pie shrinks women’s losses are greatest. There is need for the increased of girls child’s education in South Sudan.
International Youth for Africa (IYA) say there is need for gender- based violence against women in South Sudan
It is very common for men to beat or hit women partners. The violence at home is not only when a woman is beaten but some men also make women feel bad. They control how the women live, where they go and who they talk to. IYA call upon the men in South Sudan to stop gender-based violence and sexual harassment. ‘’Sexual Harassment means talking about sex when the women does not want to talk about it.’’ Said Ter Manyang. For example it can be done by someone stronger, like bosses, teacher’s father or a family friend. It is common in South Sudan, where men asking for sex in return for things like keeping job, food, gifts etc. The violence can stop through the following, business need to get involved, we good strong laws, we need good school education, we need improved living conditions and we need control of weapons in South Sudan. The ‘real’ picture, however, is that female domestic labour provides a critical and necessary support enabling the male workforce and society to function. Women’s role in society is a combination of productive and reproductive role. Women’s productive role includes all tasks that enhance the income and economy of the household and the community, e.g. crop and livestock production, handicrafts production, marketing and wage employment.
International Youth For Africa (IYA) ) is a non-governmental organization and non- profit making organization (NGO), formed on 2nd March, 2015 after attending two workshops in Kampala, Uganda and Nairobi, Kenya on Transitional Justice Mechanism 22-27th February 2015, in Kampala organized by International Public Law and Policy Group (IPLPG), Systems to Uphold the Credibility and Constitutionality of Elections in South Sudan(SUCCESS) and South Sudan Human Rights Documentation Initiative held on 9th may to 12th May 2015 Nairobi, Kenya which identified the problem the youth are facing both Diaspora and in South Sudan. The IYA activities include Transitional Justice, documenting and reporting human rights violation against women, children’s rights, working with community groups to promote women’s rights through increased participation of women in local government, promoting the education rights of girls, and raising awareness of women’s rights through public campaigns.
The organization (IYA) is dedicated to the promotion and improvement of the socio-economic, tend governance processes/issues of the youth in South Sudan. IYA was started in 2015 to respond to the increasing demand for a collective platform for research, training and policy advocacy for young people by young people in South Sudan, Sudan, Uganda, Kenya, Rwanda, Tanzania, Somalia and Ethiopia. While maintaining its original goal of empowering the young people, organizations, institutions and communities at the grassroots through initiatives aimed at promoting a culture of non-violence, peace and socio-economic development.
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