The problem that is facing our new country is that there is no spirit of nationalism and Patriotism. We are more identified with our tribes rather than with our Country South Sudan. This is evident from the fact that our new nation is plunged into a civil war soon after independence. Because the institutions of government were not properly developed. The constitution was poorly written to favor the ruling party rather than the nationals. The president was given absolute powers to hire and fire elected governors, which is a mockery of democracy “as the rule of the people for the people by the people”. The civil liberties and freedom of speech and expression are suppressed in South Sudan. There is no independent judiciary and accused are presumed guilty in the court of law before proven innocent. The accused are held for months or year without trial. There is no respect for human right, instead, might is right in South Sudan. South Sudan is a tribal village, ruled by tribal chiefs, and it will take a half century before it embarks in a real nation building.
One of the contributing factors responsible for tribalism in South Sudan, especially in public offices is that our leaders are tribalists themselves, and, they encourage tribalism with impunity. This evidence from the fact that all ministers, including vice president and the president himself, employed their tribesmen as directors, or office managers, bodyguards and the clerical in their offices. 75% of Diplomats abroad are from one tribe. Officials, especially in GoSS, speak in their dialects. National Security, Passports, Immigration, Airport securities is dominated by one tribe. The armies sing morals songs on the national Television in their dialects. Most Generals in the army, Police Inspectors, Wildlife, Prison, fire brigade, National Security, Chief of Staff of the National Army and the deputies are from one tribe. How can one feel to be called a national of a tribal State? How can we inculcate the spirit of nationalism and patriotism, if the ruling clique is fostering tribal sentiments in the state? Why is that all these Decree for the promotion of officers to major generals and Lt General are only from one tribe? Why is that the defense minister, the interior minister, chief of staff, police inspector, presidential guard, bodyguards, advisors, office managers, financial managers, spokesperson, clerks are from the president’s tribe, rather than from the national of South Sudan? South Sudan Positions are filled by unqualified candidates from the ministers and ruling elite families before they are advertised. The criteria for selection is base for whom do you know rather than what you know. That is why there is rampant corruption with impunity, because of nepotism and tribalism where accountability is shielded, and cover up as a syndicate.
Another factor that promotes tribalism is that we still look at ourselves as people belonging to that and this tribe rather than belonging to a Nation called South Sudan. Ethnic chauvinism is leading South Sudan into all these conflicts. We look at ourselves as Dinka, Nuers, Bari, Shilluk, Zande, Lotuko, Anyauk, Murle, Lotuko, Balanda, Tobosa, and so on. The concept of us and them rather than we is the polarizing and dividing factor. When can we learn to be a nation? With 28 tribal States, tribalism will be maximized into its peak. With a fight for a border. We forgot that most people migrated a lot, especially the pastoralists looking for fertile land for cultivation and grazing.
“South Sudan will never have stability due to Dinka Ego to rule: Hassan Turab
The author is a Ph.D. Research scholar in Political philosophy (the Effect of Ethnic chauvinism and Polarization in Africa with especial reference to South Sudan) who live in Canada and can be reached by firstname.lastname@example.org
I am Gondokoro comment about our beloved new country in Afyica.what we want to do is to pray to God forgiveness of our sins before Him only. It is praphency in Bible expecially book og Isaiah and Zephaniah.Our president has nothing to do unless he kneel down before our savior and Almighty God.
The office of Advisor SPLM/A- IO
Juba -South Sudan.
10th February 2016
Subject: Nomination candidates for federal ministerial positions and three commissions for Warrap and LOL states members of SPLM IO.
Dr Riek Machar Teny
Chairman and Commander in chief of SPLM/A –IO
It is sincerity of fortitude and utmost regard that we thank you and we wish you to accept the above-mentioned subject.
We humble believe that the choice of Hon. Aguer Rual for the position of Federal minister of federal affairs or interior minister and humanitarian for SPLM IO Lady representing Bhar El Ghazal Region from Warrap is well founded and their appointment deserved based on their highest profiles, personalities and unlimited contributions they have made during the resistance time.
We also appreciated and deserved the nominations and the appointment of not yet named members to the positions of Commission for Humanitarian affairs, commission for human rights and anti-corruption commission. The nomination and their appointment are seen as popular and are of the majority support in greater Warrap and the entire South Sudan community and the world at large.
We urge the leadership of the IO to extremely take into consideration the work done by the great leaders from Dinka /Jieng during the resistance period.
Also the IO should have considered the times they discarded particularly in the areas of diplomatic relations, political mobilisations and their interactive with many politics and the western government representatives, UN and other African leaders during the peace negotiation time in Addis Ababa, Khartoum and Australia.
We in greater Warrap observe nomination and appointment as positive development for all SPLM/A IO and the people of greater Warrap in particular. The people of greater Warrap protest the nomination of two members out of five to federal parliament. Regarding their nomination and take away of our three members without consultation, has alarmed the general public and supporters from Warrap state.
The giving or taking away three members to Unity state (Nuer) were not encouraging as many critics in the views that there were no any support reasons for such solely and unilateral decision to be made, this a clear violation SPLM/A norms and constitution. Thus by undermining leaders who are representing SPLM IO in the state this indicate that there is no respect of other’s people rights.
The undermining and marginalising of the leaders within the rank of IO has strapped many views toward the decision maker in the IO. This unilateral decision would affect IO future policy, if such a system and policy were not revises. This dividing and rule policy is also damaging, it damaging because there was unclear and proper principles of nomination had been made and adopt so far. This is lack of rightly practicing democratic principle that is respected and honoured by all.
For that purposes and because of such remiss, the matter in question were seen as the core causes of the current senseless war in the new nation.
We wish the chairman should take a positive role by considering the nomination and appointment of the said SPLM/A IO leaders to the above-nominated respective positions.
Advisor in the office of the chairman and commander in chief SPLM/A –IO.
Member of National Liberal Council (NLC)
Juba South Sudan
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