Dr. Riek Machar’s recent briefing to a congregation on his COVID-19 Status

South Sudan's First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny and his bodyguards post for a picture after holding a press conference on his COVID-19 status(Photo credit: supplied)

South Sudan’s First Vice President, Dr. Riek Machar Teny and his bodyguards post for a picture after holding a press conference on his COVID-19 status(Photo credit: supplied)

May 24, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — Briefing a congregation in Khartoum through phone in Nuer language from Juba, South Sudan, Dr. Riek Machar and Angelina Teny spoken in-depth but in summary these are the main points from Dr. Machar’s speech. This translation is nearly verbatim. For better suggestions or improvements, please leave your comments below or send me an email.

Begin the translation …..

1.We [ Dr. Machar and Mrs. Teny] were tested on April 27 for COVID-19 and the results turned out negative. We did not contract Coronavirus at the time.

2.Those who worked with us [The High-Level Task-Force] are many and they come from different institutions. Some of them are from Parliament [MPs] and most of them are ministers, so they meet with a lot of people at their various capacities.

3.On May 10th, we were told one of us from Parliament tested positive. He/she had COVID-19. I called my team and advised them that one of us has tested positive, he/she has COVID-19 and therefore we all need to go and be tested. I was just tested a while ago but I will come to be tested with you all.

4.On May 13, 2020, we were tested by doctors. On May 17, the Minister of Health and the Doctor, the second most senior in the ministry, came to my residence. They informed me that our results, Maan Teny and I, have turned out positive. I told them, alright, it’s God’s will. They advised me that our tests were ran three times to confirm if the results were true or false. All tests turned out that we [Maan Teny and I] have contracted the Coronavirus.

5.When I thought about it, I came to conclusion that no body knows God’s plans. I thought if we keep this to ourselves, what if it leads to death? Our people may think that it is a conspiracy that is done here [in Juba or J1]. I decided to call a Press Conference to inform the world that Mrs. Teny and I have tested positive to COVID-19. We shall isolate ourselves from the Public and stay home for 14 days until we are fully cleared by the doctors. Right now we are at home and we are doing well. We are healthy.

6.God knows what He is doing. The most difficult part with this virus is that when it gets into your system [lungs], it becomes very difficult to breathe.That did not happen to us. I only had headache for half an hour and fever for one hour only. Right now, all that is gone. Now that we have prayed together any little residue that might still be hanging around will also be gone.

7.People have been calling me and some of them have asked me: “where is Maan Teny?”. Sometimes, when she has gone to the kitchen, I tell them she has gone to kitchen because it’s like she has recovered- she has gone to kitchen to discharge some of her duties, the duties our women do. We are healthy. Me too, I’m healthy. Please tell our people not to panic. I have doctors, a lot of our people, especially our doctors in the United States have been calling our doctors here and direct them on best practices. I’m confidence nothing bad will happen, they have done their part. I’m healthy. With this prayer, God will hear us and we will meet in peace. I’m glad we have prayed today. Inform our people that I’m healthy.

8.When the time [14 days] that has been agreed upon by the doctors comes, they will come to test us again, just like two doctors whom I trust a lot came to visit us today, together with our doctors from the US – they have tested it. They tested blood samples to determine how best they can help. Please inform our people, we are doing okay, I’m healthy and maan Teny is also healthy. We will leave the rest to God.

9.In addition, I’m confident that the military that is being trained will be graduated in one month. South Sudan will soon have one army. Those who have not been trained will also be trained. It is true that within this month or by the end of the month, the army should be graduated. Because we are left with 14 days to graduate the forces, there might be 7 days delay. All our leaders are at work to ensure that South Sudan shall have one army. Don’t panic or worry, we are okay!

10.I’m not hiding anything, I can’t keep you in the dark over a serious illness like this. This is a global pandemic but it heals within 14 days!

This speech was translated by Deng Elijah. Deng has interpreted Nuer and other languages to English and vice versa for over eight years in British Columbia, Canada. He currently works in the BC Prosecution Service in the department of Criminal Justice in the Ministry of Attorney General and Legal Affairs. He can be reached through his email at dengsimon2000 at yahoo dot com or followed on Facebook, Twitter and LinkedIn


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Opinion: Is South Sudan Traffic Police taking preventive measures against COVID-19?

By Duom Peter,

Members of South Sudan traffic police who participated in a training session posts for a picture with their trainer, Wau South Sudan(Photo credit: James Deng Dimo/Nyamilepedia)

Members of South Sudan traffic police who participated in a training session posts for a picture with their trainer, Wau South Sudan(Photo credit: James Deng Dimo/Nyamilepedia)

May 17, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — South Sudan COVID-19 cases have risen in the last few days bringing the total to 290. Out of samples collected and tested, there were confirmed cases of COVID-19 infections among truck drivers. Uganda as of May 16, 2020, recorded 24 new COVID-19 cases from 2,044 samples of truck drivers. Majority are allegedly to be from South Sudan, Tanzania, Rwanda and Kenya. This makes one to ask question that, are South Sudanese traffic officers aware of Novel Coronavirus? How safe are our road traffic officers who have little or no knowledge of COVID-19? Absolutely No! I sometime sit under the tree during evening hours next to traffic police Station in Shirkat and what I always see is really horrible and quite alarming. Our traffic officers who rarely wear masks or put on gloves constantly shake hands with drivers particularly truck drivers.

South Sudan road traffic officers should proactively take preventive measures against COVID-19 as well as creating conducive working environment with truck drivers who are delivering goods and services to our local population. It’s the role of the Ministry of Interior to punish any traffic officer who violates COVID-19 preventive measures. Our traffic officers are not living on their own private islands. They live with us in the community. Little did they know that their daily customers (or truck drivers) might be carriers of COVID-19. I am not saying all truck drivers are potential carriers of COVID-19, but anyone whether passenger, driver, or traffic officer can be a carrier of novel coronavirus. When medical practitioners attend to their patients, they regularly observe social distancing, wear masks and gloves. This should be replicated by traffic officers when dealing with their daily customers (or truck drivers). We must fight COVID-19 on all fronts.

As a concern citizen, I humbly request South Sudan Traffic Police Department to avid by World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines in fight of the pandemic. The measures should include; training of road traffic officers on COVID-19 preventive measures based on WHO guidelines, compulsory wearing of masks and gloves, and mass testing of traffic officers. The mass testing should start with Nimule-Juba highway traffic officers as well as those in the states’ capital cities. Our traffic officers must avoid shaking hands with drivers as well as signing transport documents with their own pens. Finally, the government of South Sudan especially the Ministry of Interior should ease the congestion at all the entry points. Our fight against COVID-19 seems to be getting ugly but this does not mean we should give up.

May God bless South Sudan

The author, Duom Peter, can be reached through his email at duomchol@yahoo.com,


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Mabior: Fighting To Get Ride of Old Mentality, Not Old People

Mabior Garang de Mabior, son of SPLM/A founder weighing his own revolution within revolutions(Photo credit: supplied)

Mabior Garang de Mabior, son of SPLM/A founder weighing his own revolution within revolutions(Photo credit: supplied)

April 12, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — the problem in our country is not old people per se, but the old mindset. The true elders in our country are a repository of wisdom which must not be undermined. The old mindset is a product of the old world in which it evolved. After the destruction of the major African urban centers – following centuries of brutal war – by European colonial powers, the only communities which survive are the tribal societies. In antiquity, the geographical area today called South Sudan was boxed in by Civilisations of the Nile Valley. By Nubia/Cush to the north, the West African kingdoms, Kongo to the south and Aksum to the northeast. The fall of these cosmopolitan African centers, the advent of the transatlantic slave trade and colonizarion; led to the tribalization of the continent and tribalism as the only identity of African peoples.

The geographical area that is today South Sudan was once a hunting ground for slaves by these African civilisations. After the fall of the last African Dynasties, South Sudan became a refuge to those who resisted Greco-Roman domination – a black homeland, as it were. The tribalisation of South Sudan and then the isolation of these communities from the known world, due to the slave raids of the days of the Turkiya, has destroyed indigenous knowledge systems and magic, ignorance and oppression have become our traditions. The people who gave the arts, maths and sciences to the world, today live in total ignorance and believe this to be their lot in life. As a social mode of organization, tribalism is not dangerous. In fact, the communities of South Sudan share common values which can become the basis for a modern state – the second Republic of South Sudan.

The tribe – founded on totemism – becomes a threat to national security, when it becomes weaponized through politics – what we have called “political tribalism”. In our shared values as peoples, we abhor envy, greed, hate and jealousy; we had a culture of hospitality towards guests. Individuals treated the outsider with respect, lest they travel back to their lands and compose songs about the people’s lack of cultural values. In times of scarcity in South Sudan – like anywhere in the world – our peoples fought over resources and embedded within the culture, were ways to mitigate conflicts which arose and in times of plenty our societies would naturally cooperate.

Today there are two antagonistic expressions of our cultures in South Sudan – no matter which part you may hail from. They can be classified as the pre-Turkiya culture and the post-Turkiya culture. In pre-colonial times, power was in the hands of our peoples and we chose our leaders and they were accountable to the people. The culture had it’s own indigenous system of checks and balances. Among them was the ritual killing of kings and the fear of bringing shame to one’s family, clan, or nation/tribe. After we were conquered, a new culture of leadership based on collaboration with the foreign oppressor was introduced. The slave trading companies of the Turkiya and later the colonial administration of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, rearranged our communities – forming brand new tribes – and imposed new families as rulers. This remains the root cause of a lot of intercommunal violence in many parts of our country to this day.

This is the origin of the old mindset, a mindset of oppression in which some where born to rule and others to be ruled. In political science it is called, “divine right theory”, inherited from the Ottoman Empire. It is outdated! This is the political philosophy on which, the First Republic of South Sudan has been founded. It is an archaic political philosophy which has no place in a modern world where states are organized according to democratic and human rights values. This is the state our ancestors struggled for over generations, not the current status quo, imposed on us after we lost the colonial wars. This old oppressive mindset is not only with old people, it is also there with youth. There are many progressive old people and they are valuable to our struggle for fundamental change. The old people who are promoting the status quo also discriminate our wise elders who could make revolutionary corrections – they have been sidelined. At the same time, youth are being groomed to be the future of maintaining the status quo. The chorus now being sang – by 30, 40, 50 year old grown men – is “youth participation”, when universally youth are between the age of 17 and 25. Even in the special case of South Sudan it is 17-35. When we talk of bringing about fundamental change in our country, we are not talking about getting rid of old people, we are talking about getting rid of an old mentality.

A luta continua!

Cpt. Mabior Garang is South Sudan Deputy Minister of Interior. He can be reached through his social media page at Mabior Garang;


The statements, comments, or opinions published by Nyamilepedia are solely those of their respective authors, which do not necessarily represent the views held by the moderators of Nyamilepedia. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the writer(s), and not the staff and the management of Nyamilepedia.

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Opinion: Replacement of Johannes Kujiek Ruot as Panyijiar Commissioner will be treated as a coup

By Dak Buoth,

Panyijiar county commissioner, Yohannes Kujiek Ruot Loge waving to the crowd on top of vehicle in Ganyliel Town in 2019(Photo credit: supplied by author)

Panyijiar county commissioner, Yohannes Kujiek Ruot Loge waving to the crowd on top of vehicle in Ganyliel Town in 2019(Photo credit: supplied by author)

12th April, 2020(Nyamilepedia)I am bona fide member of Panyijiar County in Unity State; I hail from Kol constituency that hosted Panyijiar county headquarters. I was residing in Nyandong village where my placenta was buried before moving to Nyal municipality. So I am speaking with authority as a son of the soil. Politically speaking, I penned this piece to issue an advance warning, to peace partners that will be appointing the next State governors and county commissioners, in accordance with the IGAD brokered peace accord dubbed Revitalized Agreement on the Resolution of the Conflict in South Sudan (R-ARCISSS) that, removable and replacement of Johannes Kujiek Ruot Loge as Panyijiar county commissioner will be treated as a coup; his replacement will be resisted fiercely. The person that will be appointed or nominated to replace him before the expiry of his tenure may not have a place and or peace of mind. Panyijiarians will deal with him or her accordingly, and that ‘accordingly’ may not be good to say the least. Simply, a ‘‘coup is an occasion when a group of people takes control of a country, usually by means of military force.’’ It could also means a removable of a leader or seizure of an established system through unlawful procedure. The Panyijiar people culturally known as Nyuong resisted an attempt coup against General Tapuot last year. I am sure they will do the same again if their wishes are not respected. Nyuong has habit of supporting their leaders in defence of their dignity and integrity.

I understood there are group of Panyijiar members who are now busy looking for his position in Juba. My informants told me that they are always seen trekking from one building to another seeking the ears of the appointing authorities. Of course, this group of politicians has a right to seek the position of Panyijiar commissioner-ship if they are capable and willing to serve us. However, their time has not yet come. I am afraid that, one of those so called ‘appointing authorities’ may nominate someone as next Panyijiar commissioner based on their friendship, owing to the fact that nepotism has now become a norm in South Sudan. And should that happen, their nominee will be rejected by the Panyijiar populace in favour of the incumbent for reasons they know. In the same vein, i want to advise or appeal to those who are now doing lobbying not to waste their precious time and money in seeking the position of a democratically elected commissioner.

ELECTION

In February, 2019, Kujiek Ruot was elected by all Panyijiar chief and stakeholders from across the breadth and length of Panyijiar territory. All his competitors conceded defeat after he was declared as a winner in the county headquarters. That means Kujiek won in a free and fair election. Political pundit and Kisumu Governor, Anyang Nyongo in his book titled ‘‘presidential or parliamentary democracy in Kenya? He described a ‘‘free and fair democratic election’’ as one in which ‘‘the winners celebrate their victory while loser/s accept the results as legitimate.’’ Thus, if commissioner Kujiek will be removed and replaced, we shall treat it as a coup d’état, and we would not like it. Immediately after election, Kujiek was sworn in to succeed his predecessor and longtime former Panyijiar commissioner General Puot Tap Kang. Kujiek was not an appointee of anyone; he was brought into office via democratic process that cannot be altered single handedly or via presidential decree.
In Mathew 5:17, Jesus says ‘‘do not think that I have come to abolish the law or the prophet; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill. I believe the Khartoum peace agreement will not change but compliment the popular decision of the mighty elders of Panyijiar. As a participant to the peace process, I know this peace was crafted and brought to add legitimacy on what we already have as South Sudanese. It is worth noting that, Panyijiar County is one of the strongholds of the Sudan People Liberation movement in opposition (SPLM-IO) led by then rebel leader, Dr Riek Machar. Still it would have been a stronghold of any opposition movement fighting to dethrone the current autocratic regime. This is because SPLM regime marginalized Panyijiar people since South Sudan independence. The majestic people of Panyijiar will soldier on, and they will never let opposition movement down in the quest to usher in much needed change sooner than letter. In the SPLM-IO, there are only two people elected into office. The first was Riek Machar followed by Kujiek. 

The former was elected long time ago in 2014 at Nasir, upper Nile state. Weeks prior to an election where Kujiek was elected, there was illegitimate attempt by Unity State opposition military governor, Gen. Tor Tungwar, son of the respected Nuer chief Tungwar Kuigong. Tor wanted to oust General Tapuot with blessings from his SPLM-IO boss. The duo wanted him replace with one called John Gai Riak. However, Panyijiar revolutionary residents rejected and barred their nominee from setting foot in Panyijiar. By then I was strongly opposed to General Tap’s removal for numerous reasons, one being that, the country was still at war at the time, and there was no need for election at the time. But as a show of respect and sympathy to their elder, Dr. Riek Machar, and his confidante, Tor, Panyijiar Elders agreed for General Tap to be removed and replaced peacefully, and with someone whom they elected. The election did take place soon afterward.
My two paternal uncles, Chuol Dak Gaak, Stephen Gai Riek Gaak and many of my closed friends participated in this exercise. Unfortunately, they all lose to Kujiek and accepted the will of the Panyijiar people. They moved on knowing there is always another time.

ENDORSEMENT

soon after the swearing in of the five vice presidents on 21st February 2020, Panyijiar community through a letter authored by his namesake Kujiek Ruot Kuajien in Netherlands urged SPLM-IO Chairman, Riek Machar and company to reconfirm Kujiek as Panyijiar commissioner. In the same letter, they wanted Rev. Michael Muot Dew reconfirmed as Panyijiar MP in the National Assembly. These two leaders should not be replaced. They are there to stay until next election slated for 2023.

SUPREMACY

In Panyijiar, elders’ council is the supreme decision making organ according to our laws and customs. In the event of conflict between RTGoNU and Panyijiar elders’ decision the latter shall prevails. Hence, kujiek’s replacement is not negotiable. As of now, Kujiek is our area commissioner until his four years in office elapsed. For those who may not recognize that election, I want to remind them about the Abyie referendum held in 2012. The Dinka Ngok voted overwhelmingly to be part of South Sudan. At the time of election, South Sudan and United Nations kept silence while Sudan rejected the results. Let them ask, what happen now? Recently, Abyie was made an Administrative Area in South Sudan on the basis of that referendum.Nobody can overrule or overturn the voice of the people shown though ballot box. Thus, these other aspirants eyeing Kujiek’s should seek for other seats meant for Panyijiar in government. As we are aware, Panyijiar is underrepresented both at state and national levels. Those fellas should look beyond commissioner position for it’s already filled by Kujiek.

KUJIEK

Even though I was opposed to General Tap’s removal at the beginning, I later accept his removal and join Panyijiar majority in supporting Kujiek after his election. My initial objection to General Tap’s removal was not a dislike for Kujiek but a defence for the former’s rights. In fact, Kujiek has worked for Panyijiar in humanitarian fields as health worker since he was Young, and I knew he was a nice guy in terms of personality. He is always sober, open minded and accessible like our former Panyijiar commissioner late Peter Gai Joak whose first anniversary is due day after tomorrow. Currently, Panyijiar need not just selfless but fearless leader who could address its years of marginalization. I don’t doubt Kujiek’s bravery due to his blood relation to some renowned heroes of the land. He might have the gene of his uncle, and one of Panyijiar legends, Geng Top Loge, brother to mama Africa, Nyakeak Top Loge who mothered Panyijiar Elder, Buoth Riek-Gaak respectably known as Badier. It is common knowledge that Geng worked and fought for Panyijiar in all fronts throughout his life. His footprints are in all war fields. In case South Sudan goes to square one, God forbid, we shall know that Kujiek will fill the shoes left by General Tapuot.

PANYIJIAR NOT ISLAND

Having said that, you can also imagined an election being conducted in the midst of war in 2019. It demonstrated that Panyijiar residents are peace loving and compromising people. They proved beyond reasonable doubt what Reuters mentioned in 2015 that Panyijiar is an island of peace in South Sudan. Finally, Panyijiar County is not an island. It is central part of south Sudan, and its people are part and parcel of RTGoNU. So whichever party or peace partner/s that will be told to appoint Panyijiar commissioner must only reaffirm commissioner, Kujiek Ruot in line with the peace agreement. And if it is the next unity state governor that will appoint county commissioners, than s/he can just nominate 6 other commissioners and endorse kujiek as commissioner of Panyijiar County. No one should replace kujiek, and anything less than that will certainly put that person replacing him and Nyuong in deep trouble. I expect the relevant persons to heed his legitimate concern.

The Writer is the Chairman of Liech community Association in Kenya; the views expressed here are his own, and he can be reached for comments via eligodakb@yahoo.com


The statements, comments, or opinions published by Nyamilepedia are solely those of their respective authors, which do not necessarily represent the views held by the moderators of Nyamilepedia. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the writer(s), and not the staff and the management of Nyamilepedia.

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Most Outstanding Individuals to Win the Nobel Prize

Albert Einstein passed away on April 18, 1955. (Photo: Courtesy)

Albert Einstein passed away on April 18, 1955. (Photo: Courtesy)

March 30, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — Norwegian and Swedish institutions recognize academic, scientific and cultural advances each year by awarding the Nobel Prize. Alfred Nobel established the prizes in 1895. Literature, Chemistry, Physics, Physiology or Medicine and Peace prizes were awarded in 1901. They are the most prestigious prizes in those fields. In this post, we discuss the seven most outstanding individuals to win the Nobel Prize.

1. Marie Curie, Pierre, and Henri Becquerel

Marie was the first individual to win two Nobel Prizes. Besides, she is one of the two people who won prizes in two fields. Marie, Pierre, and Henri Becquerel received the Physic Prize in 1903 after they discovered radioactivity. Marie won another prize in chemistry in 1911 after she discovered polonium and radium. Irene Joliot-Curie, Marie and Pierre’s daughter, won the chemistry prize in 1935 with Frederic, her husband.

2. Hermann Muller

Hermann won the Nobel Medicine in 1946 after he discovered that mutations result from radiation. He investigated the adverse effects of X-rays on organisms since 1920 and found a correlation between lethal mutations and radiation exposure. The Nobel Committee recognized his effort to educate the public about the effects of radiation exposure.

3. Sir Alexander Fleming, Sir Edward Florey, and Ernst Chain

Alexander, Edward, and Chain were among the top Nobel Prize front-runners in the field of physiology or medicine in 1945. They won the prize after discovering penicillin and its antibiotic properties. Sir Alexander ate moldy bread and got cured after taking the fungus. Fleming discovered penicillin in a laboratory in 1928. Edward and Chain conducted many clinical trials to prove the medicinal properties of penicillin. Since then, medics have used it to cure diphtheria, pneumonia, gonorrhea, meningitis, scarlet fever and syphilis.

4. Albert Einstein

Albert discovered the cause of the photoelectric effect and won the physics prize in 1921. The effect occurred when atoms emitted electrons after bombarding with light. Albert stated that light is divided into tiny packets, currently known as photons. He further explained that when photons struck atoms, the electrons in atoms absorb light.

5. James Watson, Francis Crick, and Maurice Wilkins

Francis, James, and Maurice discovered that DNA has a double helix-shaped and won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1962. Maurice used X-ray crystallography to support Crick’s and Watson’s claim. Even so, the prize is controversial since it isn’t clear who was secluded in the list of honorees.

6. Martin Luther King Jr.

Reverend Martin Luther King was the youngest Nobel Peace Prize winner. He received it in 1964 at the age of 34. Martin educated the public on the negative effects of racial discrimination in the U.S. He delivered the “I Have a Dream” speech in 1965 to 200,000 people at Lincoln Memorial.

7. Mother Teresa

Mother Teresa was a Roman Catholic nun from Albania but of Indian citizenship. She started the Missionaries of Charity in Calcutta, India in 1950. The nun spent 45 years taking care of the dying, orphans, the sick and the poor. She won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1979 and died in 1997 after starting 610 missions in 123 nations.

More than 900 individuals and organizations have received the Nobel Prize since 1901. They include Marie Curie, Pierre, Henri Becquerel, Hermann Muller, Francis Crick, James Watson, Maurice Wilkins, Sir Alexander Fleming, Sir Edward Florey, Ernst Chain, Martin Luther King Jr, Mother Teresa, and Werber Heisenberg. The Nobel Prize ceremony takes place in Stockholm, Sweden. But, Oslo, Norway hosts the Nobel Peace Prize ceremony.

OPINION: THE SUCCESS OR FAILURE OF ANY MOVEMENT IS DETERMINED BY HOW IT HAS ACHIEVED ITS OBJECTIVES.

BY Mabior Garang,

Mabior Garang de Mabior, son of SPLM/A founder weighing his own revolution within revolutions(Photo credit: supplied)

Mabior Garang de Mabior, son of SPLM/A founder weighing his own revolution within revolutions(Photo credit: supplied)

April 11, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — the success or failure of any Movement is determined by how it has achieved its objectives. The root cause of the current crisis in our country – and the outbreak of civil war – was the charge made by a group of SPLM Leaders, opposed to the new political dispensation which arose after 2005. These leaders under the direction of Dr, Riek Machar – then Deputy Chairman of the historic SPLM – challenged the status quo, calling a press conference on December 6 2013 – the rest is history, as it were.

The opposition politics which arose after the regime’s violent response – documented by the African Union Comission of Inquiry on South Sudan – was a hopelessly divided one. The opposition has been so divided throughout the course of the war, with the various groups conspiring with the regime against the others at different times.

It has been painful to watch.

The failure of the various opposition groups to present a united front against the power elite who preside over the unbearable status quo in our country, has ultimately resulted in our un-negotiated surrender. The stated objective of the opposition groups was, “to institute radical reforms, to bring about fundamental change in our country and basically to deliver the promise of the liberation struggle which gave us a flag”.

I am sad to say, we have failed and to claim we are still fighting for change is mischief!

It is true; the SPLM/SPLA (IO) could not wage the struggle alone, after the SSOA and FDs surrendered to the regime over one year ago. They have been voting with the regime and have even given the regime the power to chose their leaders. Coupled with the international diplomatic pressure mounted on the SPLM/SPLA (IO), the Movement was left with no options but to succumb to the illusion of peace. Any responsible citizen who has read the Agreement, knows that not a single provision of the Agreement has been implemented. In fact, the Agreement is being dismantled before our eyes – especially Security Arrangements – and we are helpless to stop it – in fear of losing our brand new jobs. If we have agreed to form the government outside the provisions of the Agreement and in the absence of credible Security Arrangements in the country; how can we then claim we have not surrendered.

The movement towards radical reforms and fundamental change has stalled. The opposition groups are in denial of their surrender to the status quo and still claim to be doing revolution. Our surrender would be honourable if we had the courage to admit it. We would be able to take stock and audit the revolution; we would be able to see where we have gone wrong and make revolutionary corrections. The revolutionary cadres in the Movement would be able to reorganize and transform the struggle, to fit the new political dispensation. The claim by the opposition that, “we can’t fight the system from outside we must join the system and fight it from the inside”, is mischief. This is the language of people who have been defeated. There is no way one can destroy a system which they are a part , you would be destroying yourself. It is actually from outside that a system can be destroyed. It is more likely for the opposition to become part of the oppressive system, than for the opposition to dismantle the system from within and history shows this.

The future of our peoples’ struggle for fundamental change is now in the hands of our civil population. We; the so-called “politicians” have been compromised, we have become part of the oppressive system. It is only through “people power”, our struggle still has a chance to be carried out to its logical conclusion. And though Covid.19 is a real existential threat and we must take it more seriously than we currently are, we should not allow any dark forces to politicise this global pandemic in order to further their objectives. The UNMISS is better informed and better equipped to handle the crisis within the camps – dismantling the camps would be a bad idea. The UN is not our enemy, they have been the only lifeline for our peoples’ for the entire duration of the history of our nascent Republic. The South Sudanese civil population displaced and forgotten in the refugee camps in neighbouring countries and within the country, have emerged as the strongest political force and should not allow this global pandemic to be weaponized against us by the traditional elite. Our people should follow the directives of the WHO and continue to put pressure on the R-TGONU to do the right thing not only regarding implementation of the Agreement, but even with regard to this new threat.

A luta Comtinua!

Cpt. Mabior Garang is South Sudan Deputy Minister of Interior. He can be reached through his social media page at Mabior Garang;


The statements, comments, or opinions published by Nyamilepedia are solely those of their respective authors, which do not necessarily represent the views held by the moderators of Nyamilepedia. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the writer(s), and not the staff and the management of Nyamilepedia.

Nyamilepdeia reserves the right to moderate, publish or delete a post without warning or consultation with the author(s). To publish your article, contact our editorial team at nyamilepedia@gmail.com or at nyamileeditors@gmail.com

President’s Daughter, Defense Ministry, and Governor Linked to Mining Sector Corruption in South Sudan

President Kiir’s Associates Tied to 32 Mining Companies; High-Level Corruption in Minerals Sector Risks Fueling Armed Conflict, Report Warns,

By Sentry,

Washington, DC

Incumbent President Salva Kiir, whose term expires in one month, meet five of the former detainees in Juba, South Sudan(Photo: file)

Incumbent President Salva Kiir, whose term expires in one month, meet five of the former detainees in Juba, South Sudan(Photo: file)

April 2, 2020 (Nyamilepedia) – At a time when South Sudan’s government most needs to generate resources for urgent public health-related challenges including the Covid-19 pandemic, one of its promising revenue streams is beset by mismanagement and corruption. The Sentry’s latest investigative report reveals how South Sudan’s promising gold-dominated minerals sector is riddled with corruption involving President Salva Kiir’s relatives and inner circle, military leaders, and other high-level officials. Published today, the report further exposes illegal mining now underway in Eastern Equatoria state, where the governor has ties to numerous mining businesses, as well as the Ministry of Defense’s involvement in problematic mining licensing deals.

Untapped and Unprepared: Dirty Deals Threaten South Sudan’s Mining Sector” warns that, without strong reforms, abuse in the minerals sector could spur the same kind of resource-driven violence that plagued the petroleum industry throughout civil wars fought on South Sudanese soil dating back to the 1980s.

John Prendergast, Co-Founder of The Sentry, said”Through close relatives and allied government officials, President Salva Kiir is linked to dozens of mining companies in South Sudan. The president’s core network has used its control of the minerals sector to consolidate its grip on South Sudan’s state revenues and natural resources. If South Sudan’s people are to benefit from the country’s mineral wealth, including lifesaving healthcare urgently needed in the face of a global pandemic, financial institutions should take immediate steps to identify and monitor the bank accounts of those in power, their business networks, families, and inner circles.”

The Sentry further established that Kiir’s close associates and lower-level ministers have held shares in no fewer than 32 South Sudanese companies established to extract minerals. The government has yet to disclose crucial information about their ownership structures, activities, or open applications for licenses, undermining public scrutiny of a sector already at heightened risk for corruption and raising questions about who benefits from South Sudan’s mineral wealth.

Sophie Lombardo, Investigator for The Sentry, said: “Without swift action, South Sudan’s mining sector may fall into the same traps as the oil sector, which has helped drive war in South Sudan for decades. Military interests abound, either through joint ventures with private investors or companies controlled by the Ministry of Defense. The Sentry’s investigative findings reveal opaque and questionable deals that raise significant concerns about secret off-budget revenues within an institution marred by a history of abuse.”

 

J.R. Mailey, Investigations Director at The Sentry, said: “Today, widespread corruption, mismanagement, and poor oversight in the mining sector are intertwined in a vicious cycle. Individuals linked to criminal activities have received numerous mining licenses, as have companies with little technical or financial capacity, raising serious questions about how licenses are granted. The mineral sector in South Sudan is still in its early development stage, however, so the implementation of critical reforms can deliver enormous benefits for the future of the country. Policy action is needed now, such as the creation of a regularly updated public online register disclosing the beneficial ownership of mining sector businesses.”

Report highlights:

  • Although South Sudan took welcome steps to reform the mining sector in 2012, some government officials, their relatives, and their close associates have fostered a weak regulatory environment susceptible to exploitation.
  • Memoranda and articles of incorporation reviewed by The Sentry reveal that politically exposed persons—both President Salva Kiir’s close associates and lower-level ministers—have held shares in no fewer than 32 South Sudanese companies established to extract minerals.
  • Kiir’s daughter partly owns a company with three active mining licenses.
  • A company with three mining licenses lists former Vice President James Wani Igga’s son as a shareholder.
  • Ashraf Seed Ahmed Hussein Ali, a businessman commonly known as Al-Cardinal who was placed under Global Magnitsky sanctions in October 2019, reportedly owns the company currently holding the most mining licenses.
  • In the gold-rich region of Kapoeta, state government officials have issued licenses independently of the central government, a probable violation of South Sudan’s Mining Act that has allowed illegal mining to take place on land previously allocated by Juba to other companies.
  • South Sudan’s military has developed problematic mining interests in an effort to address budgetary shortfalls.

Key recommendations from the report:

South Sudan government:

  • Create a public register disclosing beneficial ownership. Key company ownership information remains inaccessible to the public. A regularly updated public online register would promote good governance and serve as a vital accountability tool for anti-corruption advocates, civil society, and political parties. Moreover, such a move would encourage legitimate investment and demonstrate the government’s commitment to building a more transparent system.
  • Conduct a retroactive audit of the mining sector. Numerous red flags in South Sudan’s mining sector highlight the country’s susceptibility to state capture. In order to assess the effectiveness of the process of awarding licenses to technically competent, legitimate enterprises, the Ministry of Mining should hire an independent external party to retroactively audit all mining companies currently operating in South Sudan. The ministry should further investigate the beneficial owners of mining companies and determine whether politically exposed persons have unfairly profited. As an example, independent audits have been required prior to resuming certified exports following the moratorium implemented as part of the government-led Kimberley Process initiative to clean up the diamond trade.

United States government: 

  • Issue responsible investment reporting requirements. The US Department of State should encourage responsible engagement in South Sudan’s mining sector by implementing investment reporting requirements for US persons. Much as it did in Myanmar, the agency should require companies to file publicly available reports detailing their due diligence, community engagement, human rights, anti-corruption, and environmental efforts within their operations and policies.
  • Issue a public advisory listing typologies and enhanced due diligence measures. Building upon the US Department of the Treasury’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network (FinCEN)’s two anti-money laundering (AML) advisories referencing political corruption in South Sudan, the United States should consider issuing an update or a separate advisory sharing with financial institutions the latest methods and trends used to launder the proceeds of illegal mining and the extractives industry.
  • Expand US sanctions authorities. South Sudan’s conflict dynamics have evolved significantly since then-US President Barack Obama issued EO 13664 in 2014. The US president should issue a new executive order, or amend EO 13664, to provide additional authorities for targeting illicit financial activity.
    • Update sanctions designation criteria to include family members. The current order should be amended to permit the designation of individuals who are the spouses or dependent children of (i) any person whose property and interests in property are blocked pursuant to EO 13664 or (ii) any South Sudanese person blocked pursuant to EO 13818.
    • Target captured business sectors. A new executive order should limit or prohibit US persons from conducting business with foreign persons who are active in key sectors of South Sudan’s economy that are captured by regime elites, including the mining and oil industries. Business prohibitions or requirements to report publicly on due diligence measures could emanate from this effort.

United Kingdom and European governments:

  • Issue a public anti-money laundering advisory to financial institutions warning about the extractives industry’s corruption risks. The UK’s National Crime Agency (NCA) and relevant national authorities across continental Europe should issue public AML alerts or advisories on corruption in the extractives sector, citing the risks of laundering the proceeds of corruption in oil, gold, and other natural resource sectors requiring licenses. In order to assist financial institutions in updating their customer due diligence and ongoing monitoring frameworks, an advisory should include typologies and red flags identifying methods that bad actors could use to siphon illicit funds out of South Sudan. These advisories would complement the alert issued by the NCA in February 2020 on illicit money flows related to South Sudanese political corruption.

Read the full report: https://thesentry.org/reports/untapped-unprepared/

For media inquiries or interview requests, please contact: Greg Hittelman, Director of Communications, +1 310 717 0606, gh@thesentry.org
ABOUT THE SENTRY

The Sentry is an investigative and policy team that follows the dirty money connected to African war criminals and transnational war profiteers and seeks to shut those benefiting from violence out of the international financial system. By disrupting the cost-benefit calculations of those who hijack governments for self-enrichment in East and Central Africa, the deadliest war zone globally since World War II, we seek to counter the main drivers of conflict and create new leverage for peace, human rights, and good governance. The Sentry is composed of financial investigators, international human rights lawyers, and regional experts, as well as former law enforcement agents, intelligence officers, policymakers, investigative journalists, and banking professionals. Co-founded by George Clooney and John Prendergast, The Sentry is a flagship initiative and strategic partner of the Clooney Foundation for Justice.

Learn more at www.TheSentry.org.

GAGUANG NATIONAL CONVENTION RESOLUTIONS

MAKER PAYAM, THOROW COUNTY!

Dated 5th & 6th March, 2020.

April 2, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — Gaguang Community drawn from different spectra of the Community that include, Intellectuals and Political Leaders, Local Chiefs, Elders, Church Leaders, Military leaders, Youth groups and Women held a two days Convention in Maker Payam from March 5th -6th 2020 under the Theme: 

        Peace, Reconciliation, Unity and Development”

Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community holding a conference in Maker Payam of Thorow County(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community holding a conference in Maker Payam of Thorow County(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

The Convention that is one of its kinds in a generation and was attended by more than 3,500 participants coming from different spectra of the Community as mentioned above. The Convention deliberated on the following three agenda items:   

  • Internal and External Killings must stop. (Gaguang should live peacefully among themselves and in a co-existence with their neighbors as well);
  • Thorow must remain as a County of its own, although most of the counties created during the war were dissolved. 
  • This Convention shall be held Annually.

(1) FIRST AGENDA ITEM RESOLUTIONS:

After two days intensive deliberations on the agenda items mentioned above, the Conveners resolved the following points: 

  1. That the internal communal conflicts, within Gaguang various sub-clans (in-fighting) or with the neighboring communities be stopped altogether with immediate effect. Based on this resolved point, the Convention participants agreed that: 
  2. Blood -compensation to the victims’ families and relatives as traditions and laws required must be perform with immediate effect with the help and cooperation between County and Local community leaders as soon as possible. The blood compensation shall be back dated at least starting from the past 7 years to compensate the family of the victims who were killed but not compensated in those times by proceeding administration due to various reason; 
  3. To prevent any further communal conflict, the participants in the National Convention agreed that White Army’ as a Peace Force is to be organized with their Leaders nominated by each sub-clan. The leadership of this Peace Force shall jointly work together with County Administration and the Chiefs, and with the entire Community to prevent recurrence of violent conflicts that have been taking toll on lives and livelihoods of our people.  Code of conduct that will guide the operations and the activities of this Peace Forces shall be developed by their leadership with the support of the County Administration prior to the election or selection of the leadership body. Diaspora Community are encourage to provide logistics support to that Peace Force in order to conduct their operations effectively and in timely manner. 

(2) SECOND AGENDA ITEM RESOLUTIONS: 

  1. The Community agreed that a committee drawn from Intellectuals and Political Leaders in conjunction with Community Leaders are to be set to make necessary follow-up with the Country’s leadership on issue of allowing Thorow its inherent and un alienated right to operate as a County of its own given its unique identity as a the distinctive Community within large Eastern Jikany Community;  

(3) THIRD AGENDA ITEM RESOLUTIONS:

  1. The participants to the Convention further agreed that this Peace Convention shall be held annually so as to keep the community informed about the important of managing and prevent conflicts using various conflict management mechanisms including local and traditional conflict management tools. It shall also be done annually to ensure that the Community lives in peace.  In this regard, it was agreed that Diasporas Community Leaders, County Administrations shall take lead in the organization of the next year Convention schedule for the following:
  • 5th MARCH 2021 
Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community posting for a picture in Maker Payam, Thorow County on March 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Local Chiefs of the Gaguang_Nuer community posting for a picture in Maker Payam, Thorow County on March 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Maker Payam. 

Priority to the Convention, various Committees and Sub-committees comprising the Gaguang Community Leaders, Intellectuals and Political Leaders and County Administration shall be involved.  

  1. It was also strongly stressed and agreed that Gaguang sons and daughters from diaspora must leave their differences and work collectively for the common good and betterment of the Community.  
  2.  Finally, it was agreed that a Committee consisting of County Administration, Diaspora Community Leaders, Intellectuals and Community Leaders have been constituted to follow the implementation of the resolutions of this Convention in spirit and in letter.    

(4) DEVELOPMENTAL PROJECTS REQUEST:

  1. Due to heavily flooding, the Community request Government and diaspora Community to construct flood fence in Maker Payam, that would prevent detrimental effects of floods that threatening the life of local populations and their livestock in Maker Payam.
  2. The Community also request basic service such as Primary Health Care and local Schools to be establish in all 7 Payams

PARTICIPANTS WHO HAVE SPOKEN IN THE CONVENTION!

Some of the participants who participated at Gaguang-Nuer community conference in Maker Payam, Thorow County, on March 5th & 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

Some of the participants who participated at Gaguang-Nuer community conference in Maker Payam, Thorow County, on March 5th & 6, 2020(Photo credit: Duol Kun Thian)

S/N NAME IN FULL POSITION
1 MR. BHAN GONY CHUOL DAP CHAIRMAN, THOROW COUNTY YOUTH ASSOCIATION
2 MR. CHAN BOL DUOP DEPUTY CHAIRMAN, THOROW COUNTY YOUTH ASSOCIATION
3 MR. MUOCH DENG MAR SECRETARY GENERAL, THOROW COUNTY YOUTH ASSOCIATION
4 MRS. MARY NYAKUTEY PATHOT WOMEN’S LEAGUE
5 MRS. MARTHA NYAYUAL KHAM WOMEN’S LEAGUE
6 MRS. MARY NYANHIAL JOCK WOMEN’S LEAGUE
7 MR. KHER BAYAK MET ELDER FROM NYANG SECTION
8 MR. WIYUAL BUOM KIKUEY ELDER FROM NYANG SECTION
9 MR. JOHN HOTH WUOL ELDER FROM NYANG SECTION
10 MR. PALEK THOK PEAT ELDER FROM CHIE-NYINGIE SECTION
11 MR. STEPHEN KHAN NYAYUL ELDER FROM CHIE-NYINGIE SECTION
12 MR. TUACH GATLOU CHAK ELDER FROM CHIE-NYINGIE SECTION
13 MR. KOANG NYANG KUETH ELDER FROM GAAT-CHIKA SECTION
14 MR. WAL BUOM CHUOL ELDER FROM GAAT-CHIKA SECTION
15 MR. KAYIER PADHAL YUOL ELDER FROM GAAT-CHIKA SECTION
16 MR. LOANG RUOT BANGOANG SUB-CHIEF, MADING PAYAM
17 MR. NGUT CHUOL NGER HEAD CHIEF, KOAT-GUTA PAYAM
18 MR. WAL MALUAK LAM HEAD CHIEF, WANG-NYANG PAYAM
19 MR. YANGDING TUT KOANG HEAD CHIEF, GUR-NYANG PAYAM
20 MR. TOT KUEY TENY HEAD CHIEF, MAKER PAYAM
21 MR. BIEL THOK CHUOL HEAD CHIEF, BIL-JALOK PAYAM
22 MR. TUT KUANY WUR HEAD CHIEF, WECH-NYOT PAYAM
23 MR. CHUOL LUL YOT PARAMOUNT CHIEF, THOROW COUNTY
24 MR. WAL YOR KHAM TOWN BENCH COURT, THOROW COUNTY
25 MR. THANYANG KIIR RANGDIT SENIOR EXECUTIVE OFFICER
26 MR. ISAIHA LAM THOT SENIOR EXECUTIVE OFFICER
27 MATTHEW KEK GACH ROSS COORDINATOR, THOROW COUNTY
28 COL. NYAHON DIEW NYOAP SPLA-IO OFFICER
29 MAJOR PUR DENG LUAL THOROW AREA OPERATION COMMANDER
30 COL. DHAN KUN THIAN THOROW AREA COMMANDER
31 BRIG. GEN. TUACH NYAW DENG DIVISION 3 HEADQUARTER
32 MR. JAMES GUEK RIEK ELDER
33 MR. JAMES KAK LUAL ELDER
34 MR. DAVID GOTE PUOCH PASTOR TRAINEE
35 REV. MICHAEL TOP DUOL PASTOR IN-CHARGE, ECC IN WANTHOA
36 REV. JOHN YIEN CHUOL PASTOR-GUR-NYANG PARISH
37 REV. JAMES WAKOW LUONY PASTOR IN-CHARGE, MADING PARISH
38 REV. JAMES DECH BOTH PRESIDENT, NUER CHRISTIAN NETWORK IN WANTHOA WARODA
39 MR. DUOL KUN THIAN DIASPORA TEAM SECRETARY, FROM AUSTRALIA
40 MR. WILLIAM DENG DHIACH DIASPORA TEAM ADVISOR, FROM USA
41 MR. JAMES GATDET LONY DIASPORA TEAM LEADER, FROM CANADA
42 MR. TUACH BENYCHIENG DOMOK EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR, THOROW COUNTY
43 MR. JOHN CHUOL WAL SECRETARY GENERAL, SOBAT AREA
44 HON. YIEN GACH RUEY MP, SECRETARY FOR CABINET AFFAIRS, SOBAT AREA
45 HON. TUT TUACH NYAW COMMISSIONER, THOROW COUNTY
46 H.E. JAMES BANAK RIANG GOVERNOR, SOBAT STATE. He addressed the Convention through phone while he was in Ulang County for insecurity and emergency purpose.

VIVA! GAGUANG NATIONAL CONVENTION!

VIVA! PEACE AND RECONCILIATION!

VIVA! JAMES BANAK RIANG

VIVA! DR. RIEK MACHAR TENY-DHURGON

AUTHORISED BY:

HON. TUT TUACH NYAW,

COMMISSIONER, THOROW COUNTY

MRS. REBECCA NYATER GACH

CHAIRPERSON, GAGUANG COMMUNITY IN UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  1. JAMES GATDET LONY

CHAIRMAN, GAGUANG COMMUNITY IN CANADA

  1. PETER PAL KONG,

CHAIRMAN, GAGUANG COMMUNITY IN AUSTRALIA

CC: Hon. Maj. Gen. James Banak Riang, Governor Sobat Area

CC: H.E. Dr. Riek Machar Teny-Dhurgon, First Vice President of the Republic of South Sudan, Chairman & Commander in Chief, SPLM/A-IO.

Opinion: What do we know about Riek Macher’s interest in Ruweng Administrative Area?

By Santino Aniek,

Dr. Riek Machar Teny, the first vice preisdent of South Sudan who returns to bush to fight for democracy after Self-determination(Photo: file)

Dr. Riek Machar Teny, the first vice preisdent of South Sudan who returns to bush to fight for democracy after Self-determination(Photo: file)

April 2, 2020(SSNN) — The wondering of Riek’s interest in Ruweng Administrative Area is the enquiry of the moment, and all the moments that have led up to now, and the ones that are sure to follow. Accordingly, many South Sudanese worldwide are asking this enquiry with wondering and contortions of disgust, why Riek as a leader of SPLM IO is still after Ruweng, and what is the most troubling him about this particular area or especially great interest in Ruweng. Well, this Ruweng and the Riek has generated more discussions among South Sudanese academia, it is the most debated topic on social media, and in my own mind as well, I’m still having this disturbing lingering question what is really exceptional about Ruweng Administrator Area that is driving Riek outrageous everyday. As the wheels of negotiation wobble and spin into greater surreal dangers, between the government and the oppositions about who will own which states or Administrative Area, for South Sudanese there is a struggle to turn outrage into action.

The truth about Riek’s interest in Ruweng is more nuanced; it is true that when Ruweng became independent from Unity State, Riek felt like part of him has disappeared into a thin air. Rather than annexation of Ruweng back to Unity State, Riek’s initial goal in Ruweng is to secure oil in the entire region because power and money are in Riek’s fundamental and distinctive characteristic. As always the case, Riek interested in the things with distinct and independent existence, power and money are the driving force of his struggle started in 1991 until today.  Riek then believe securing Ruweng Administrative Area will give him upper hand to use these resources in building himself into power including his close culprits who have been supporting him every step of the way, which would effectively made him a powerful man in the country, with money, that allows him to identified long-term or overall interests, and the means of achieving his arousing pity goals in South Sudan.

However, most of the South Sudanese think what they are seeing is a conflict between two versions of Riek Macher and they are those who believe that the real Riek is the leader of SPLM IO that they think they know is the guy who fought Chairman John Garang and President Kiir in many battles started in 1991 to 2016. This phony view of Riek has been validated by the publicizes a particular SPLM IO organization supporters on social media and it is this fraudulent version that won him to be recognized in South Sudan politics. The other version of Riek that his supporters kept ignoring is the chronically incompetent leader with deep ties to organized crime through many rebellions. It is the same guy who rebelled three times and formed a bogus SPLM IO as a scam to conned his supporters while at the end converted the party into family business. In fact, the majority of South Sudanese believe that Riek’s supporters don’t understand that they have been had, they have been played for chumps and if we have time to asked Gordon Kongchol the former leader of Anyanya II, he will tell us that Riek is not a leader. Then again many Riek’s supporters still rebuff to believe that they were played for chumps by their leader, and remain desperately to believe he is still a good leader even if it means making excuses and ignoring his actions or lack thereof. It is worth considering what it would take to make Riek’s supporters to realize he is not the same guy they thought they were getting when he come the FVP and we can get a sense for how hard it will be to win over his supporters. Again, South Sudanese think the answer is to acknowledge that there are two Riek and that what we are facing as a country is the very significant question of which is the real Riek Macher they are dealing with.

Most importantly, the need to control Ruweng Administrative Area also has important roots in Riek’s historical memory, and his movement since 1991 to 2013. The interest of poor Riek Macher in Ruweng hits panic buttons, he thought to himself that for President Kiir allowing Ruweng to be independent area is a threat to all what he is doing in South Sudan, and to what he is planning to do in the future, because the people of Ruweng has destabilized Riek’s movement more than once. Perhaps the best way to explain Riek’s paranoia about the break away of Ruweng from Unity State and covetousness toward Ruweng now has to do with both oil and the independent of Ruweng. In my humble opinion, what we are seeing is a conflict between two versions of Riek and they are those who believe that the real Riek the leader of SPLM IO that they think they know is the guy who fought Garang and President Kiir in many battles. The particular IO organization’s supporters on social media have validated this fake view of Riek and it is this fraudulent version that won him to be recognized in South Sudan politics.

Nevertheless, when Riek appointed his son in law as a Minister of petroleum, his wife as a Minister of Defense, and the appointment of the Minister of Health, has appeared to run afoul of anti-nepotism statute. As it is known, the nepotism statute in the world specifies that the prohibition against employing family members in the government and that son in law, his wife is family members. Given the even closer proximity of the relationship between these three appointees, Riek has recently appointed seems to be an even more apparent violation of nepotism. This appointment of Riek’s family members into government key positions concluding that, based on nepotism, he Riek is not exempt from the statute when appointing the National Ministers or anyone else and this make him dangerously allow him to acquire Ruweng Administrative Area.

Moreover, serving the entire key Ministers to a close family member raises a larger and more serious question about Riek Macher’s leadership and whether his son in law or his wife’s primary allegiance is to the bylaws of SPLM IO. In a dictatorship world, these interests of Riek may be one and the same, but not necessarily in a democracy SPLM IO have been singing all these years. Riek’s nepotism is especially concerning given to his request that Ruweng Administrative Area should be assigned to SPLM IO. Nonetheless, the SPLM IO as a party has already failed to take significant disciplinary action for a clear ethics violations by Riek of appointing his family members into key positions, and it is not known whether Riek has made an appropriate consultation before the appointment took place. Based on this track record of SPLM IO, it is even less likely Riek’s own family members would be held accountable of nepotism in the future. This appointment of Riek’s wife as Minister of Defense, his son in law as Minister of petroleum, and the Minister of Health, all has cause more concerning because of the high risk that they carry their own significant conflicts of interest.

Although Riek has not taken some steps to reduce possible conflicts of interest, he is still looking for ways of getting more States including Ruweng Administrative Area in order to employ his relatives as Governors or as Chief Administrators because what he has done is not enough and this explains to the entire world that he is not a leader, but a family leader. In addition, the fact that most of the SPLM IO Ministers appointees are related to Riek Macher that complicates the risks; under the applicable criminal statute they share any conflicts of interest that arise, and that conflict arises explain who is really Riek Macher is.

The fact that Riek’s financial interests overlap in some cases with this position he was dying to get during the negotiation with the government (the Ministry of Petroleum) further complicates the web of conflicts he may face since he may have duplicative and reinforcing to advance his interest by trying to asked the government to add Ruweng Administrative Area into his column. To avoid conflicts arising from these holding key positions by his relatives, Riek should recuse himself from a wide variety of issues likely to be addressed by SPLM IO as a party, and he needs to drop Ruweng now one and for all. If such conflicts of interest arise, which seems certain to happen given his wide spheres of influence of getting what he wants from the government, Riek may subordinate South Sudanese’s interests to his own and even open himself to criminal prosecution.

But however, I’m not saying that the appointment of family members into the government positions has never been done before, but what I’m trying to say is this, SPLM IO has a limited positions and if those key positions are given to one family as we have witnessed when the Transitional Government of National Unity was formed, no position was left to the SPLM IO as a Party. This make it very clear that Riek is not interested in selecting the most qualified candidates rather then family members, and also may violation of universal ethics. For example, both Riek’s wife, son in law, the Minister of Health have little experience in their expanding portfolio of assigned areas of responsibilities in the government. These appointments also are likely to prevent the ability of other government appointees to give candid opinions about policy proposals and personnel matters for fear of alienating Riek’s family members.

The concern that Riek’s financial interests in Ruweng and his official position in the government as Vice President where he can appointed Chief Administrator that will satisfy his needs is a well calculated. The appointment of his son in law, his wife, and others who seem to be related to him highlights the significant conflicts of interest he and his relatives will face and his susceptibility to potential violation of nepotism. Moreover, the public does not know the full extent of the possible conflicts of interest Riek has, his wife, and son in law and it is the very reason why few of his powerful Generals have defeated couple of weeks ago to the government side.

To conclude, I must confess the Ruweng people are humbly touched that so many of you have sought out the reflections of Riek Macher as an existence Nuer advocate instead of being the leader of the opposition. And therefore, Ruweng people are happy with President Kiir for hearing their voices and they are so proud of all the South Sudanese who support President for making Ruweng Administrative Area. It fills them with hope at the basic goodness and decency of their fellow citizens and the citizens of the larger world. I’m not an ancient Greece, philosopher, but just a simple citizen who happens to know Riek’s hidden agenda about Ruweng people and Ruweng Administrative Area. Whatever passes for knowledge, I can dispense is mostly a product of age and circumstance. I have seen Riek Macher in moments of pain and I firmly believe that forming visible of the future is still lies in our hands and for President Kiir to deny Riek of acquiring Ruweng Administrative Area will be a victory to the Ruweng people.

Santino Aniek is a concern South Sudanese lived in Upstate New York, U.S.A. He can be reached at santino.aniek5@gmail.com or santino.aniek@snhu.edu Find me on Facebook, Santino_Aniek, and on twitter @saniek


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New Hope for South Sudanese Businesses as Kiir and Machar Reach Agreement

By Jackie W. Jackie,
President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar posed for a group picture during F2F Meeting in Juba.

President Salva Kiir Mayardit and Dr. Riek Machar posed for a group picture during F2F Meeting in Juba.

January 12, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — South Sudan’s President Salva Kiir and the opposition leader Riek Machar have finally agreed to form a unity government by February 2020 after long talks held in the capital, ending rising tensions in the country and giving Sudanese people hope for lasting peace in the region. This is great news for every South Sudanese citizen, and more so for those who have been waiting to start businesses in the country. The demand for goods and services in South Sudan is extremely high, making it one of the best African nations for both locals and foreigners to invest in. However, starting a business in a country that has been experiencing civil unrest for decades can present a unique set of challenges. Fortunately, there are various things aspiring businessmen can do to increase their chances of success when starting a business in South Sudan.

Commitment for the long-term

Although the agreement between Salva Kiir and Riek Machar is a huge step towards lasting peace in South Sudan, truly transformative results don’t happen overnight and there’s still a good chance that things could go south at some point. As such, investors need to understand the long-term nature of their investments in South Sudan and come up with ways to overcome expected and unexpected setbacks. Since situations may change very quickly, they need to plan a variety of contingencies and establish swift decision-making apparatuses that allow them to make rapid decisions when needed.

Building stronger ties with the local community 

It is important for any business to, first of all, have a good understanding of the local community and also build a good relationship with them. Not only will this afford a business more loyal customers, but it will also help managers keep abreast of the issues that may affect them. Plus, if things were to go wrong, any business is better off with members of the local community in its corner. A great way for businesses to build a good relationship with the community is by investing their time and resources in community development projects, particularly programs aimed at helping children. One such project that is desperately needed in many parts of the country is the provision of safe water, food and housing to the needy children. Businesses can do this on their own or in collaboration with various humanitarian organizations operating in the country. They can also offer scholarships and start mentorship programs aimed at arming the kids with valuable skills and knowledge.

Seeking business insurance

The political and security situation in South Sudan is still fragile and can deteriorate quickly. As such, securing specialist insurance is vital for every business operating in the country. Various insurance companies are currently operating in South Sudan with all sorts of insurance policies designed to cater to the special needs of South Sudanese businesses such as property terrorism and sabotage, fire and special perils, goods in transit, among others. With proper insurance, investors can rest assured that their businesses are adequately protected if anything was to go wrong in the country.

Starting a business in South Sudan is not for the weak-hearted. It requires meticulous planning, a good understanding of the local community, and the hope that your business will succeed despite the challenges. The risk is high, but for the ones who are brave enough to dive in, the rewards can be extraordinary.

For more information, please contact the author through email at writingjackie@diamondmail.net


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THE SPLM-IO IN REALITY: THE PARTY GROSSLY MISCONCEIVED

By Daniel Deng Mario Deng,

Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aping, Hon. Henry Dilay among other politicians meet with Dr. Riek Machar in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia(Photo: Via Dr. Machar profiles)

Ambassador Lumumba Stanislaus Di-Aping, Hon. Henry Dilay among other politicians meet with Dr. Riek Machar in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia(Photo: Via Dr. Machar profiles)

January 12, 2020(Nyamilepedia) — Any mention of the name “SPLM/A—IN—Opposition” or “the SPLM-IO is often received with mixed and in most cases with disdain and fear. It very funny to get even those who have never had an encounter with the SPLM/A-IO at any point carrying this prejudice with them. What really bleats my understanding is the cause of this strong stigma against this National Movement. 

I have said that the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement-in-Opposition also known as the anti-governmental forces (AGF) is the National Movement which may make those reading this article not to be at ease because of the ingrained prejudice implanted on them against the SPLM-IO. However, the question that I must pose here as a way of making those people with  negative attitudes towards our Movement to think deep as they reflect on their political future and the future of South Sudan as a country is, what makes any Movement a National Movement? 

National Movement is a movement that promotes the spirit of nationalism. Nationalism is an ideology and movement that promotes the interests of a particular nation (read more in Smith, Anthony. Nationalism: Theory, Ideology, History. Polity, 2010. pp. 9, 25–30). The main objective of Nationalism is to achieve and maintain the nation’s sovereignty over its homeland.  That is the reason the theory of nationalism holds that each nation should govern itself, free from outside interference in order to achieve self-determination.

One thing I need to make clear here before I proceed with the clarification of what is the importance of the SPLM-IO in the political life to all the citizens of South Sudan and the World at large is the meaning of self-determination. The government of South Sudan has kept citizens ignorance in the respect of their rights to self-determination the extent that they do not know well the meaning of those basics terms and their importance in the protection of their rights. 

Many South Sudanese currently still understand right to self-determination as the right to vote for referendum in order to be independent nation. When I was still in the government, I  had a hard time with the people whenever I mentioned the term right to self-determination as human rights and it is available not only to the group or nation but to the individual citizens. 

What I need the citizens of South Sudan to get well is the meaning of the right of a person or people to self-determination. The right to self-determination is a cardinal principle based on respect for the principle of equal rights and fair equality of opportunity for all citizens where they have all rights to freely choose their sovereignty and international political status with no interference. 

On individual’s level, Self-determination is believing in yourself that you can control your own destiny. Hence, right to self-determination for individuals is a combination of attitudes and abilities that lead people to set goals for themselves, and to take the initiative to reach these goals. It is about being in charge, but is not necessarily the same thing as self-sufficiency or independence. It means making your own choices, learning to effectively solve problems, and taking control and responsibility for one’s life. 

Practicing self-determination also means one experiences the consequences of making choices. This is what the SPLM Government has inhibited in the citizens with the use of force to deal with those who complain which is dangerous to the nation like South Sudan and nationalism of South Sudan.  

As it has been stated, the ending of any nation is the promotion of the nationalism which is a natural and ideal basis for an institution and that the nation is the only rightful source of political power (popular sovereignty). The aim of nationalism is to build and maintain a single national identity based on shared social characteristics such as culture, language, religion, politics, and belief in a shared singular history and to promote national unity or solidarity(read Smith, Anthony above).

In relation to the above paragraph, nationalism, therefore, seeks to preserve and foster a nation’s traditional culture, and cultural revivals have been associated with nationalist movements. It also encourages pride in national achievements, and is closely linked to patriotism. Nationalism is often combined with other ideologies, such as conservatism (national conservatism) or socialism (socialist nationalism) for example. 

For a movement to be recognized as national movement, it must have the following characteristics: it must work in promotion of national politics and national identity which is the nation itself (britannica.com).  This implies the identification of the state or nation with the people—or at least the desirability of determining the extent of the state according to ethnographic principles. 

The national movement is the one that encourages political allegiance of the people to the state. The movement must aim at encouraging people to adopt one language and love to develop self-identification with the nation and culture. The national movement should be able to build stable and sustainable community of people or a nation, which is formed on the basis of a common language, territory, economic life, and psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.

It must be emphasized that none of the above characteristics taken separately is sufficient to define a nation. More than that, it is sufficient for a single one of these characteristics to be lacking and the nation ceases to be a nation. In brief, national movement must have a national character, which is “the sum total of characteristics which distinguish the people of one nationality from the people of another nationality – the complex of physical and spiritual characteristics which distinguish one nation from another.”

In reference to the SPLA-IO, it is regrettable to say that many citizens out there are being denied through hearsay to join this beautiful national movement since it has been badly sold by the government to all South Sudanese and outside world. It has been sold that the SPLA-IO is a Nuer Movement which is seeking to replace Dinka tribalism with Nuer Tribalism. This is what people are made to believe in it, including me before I joined it. 

This negative campaign has made majority of the Dinka people to stay away from joining the SPLA-IO. However, when I joined it, the first thing I observed was whether what others and I were taught or are still being made to believe is correct. But to my surprise, I discover that Dr. Riek Machar is one of the best and strong democratic leader that South Sudan has ever had. 

Unlike the SPLM leadership who lives in isolation and worshipped by citizens like God, His Excellency Dr. Riek Machar, my Chairman, is the most interactive person I have ever seen. One really feels at home and sense of belonging when he is around. It is the same sense of nationalism which Dr. Riek Machar has, which is found in the SPLM-IO as the National Movement which is also a National Party with National Character. 

Though he has been sold badly but the interest of South Sudan and that of South Sudanese is what is in his heart. His aim is to see what is good for all South Sudanese so he is not fighting in bad faith but he loves South Sudanese to live in prosperity which means that he is campaigning for good political structure that can provide good services to all citizens. 

As I have already stated above, as a national movement or party, the aim of the SPLM-IO is to build and maintain a single national identity of all South Sudanese irrespective of tribes and religion which must be based on shared social characteristics such as culture, language, religion, politics, and belief in a shared singular history and to promote national unity or solidarity

The SPLM-IO’s Manifesto that I will discuss more in the later edition contains the above values. It is the above values as I have discovered are the ones Dr. Riek Machar stands for. It has been the cause of his disagreement as his contention is that we, the South Sudanese must build the South Sudan we want that has caused the current conflict and we must make sure that they are realized in long run by all citizens. 

In short, the SPLM-IO in reality is different from what we are taught outside there and that wrong teaching which makes our party to grossly misconceived. It is my duty and other members to make sure that the perception of the citizens against the SPLM-I0 is erased. My message to those who are brainwashed is that the SPLM-IO is not a party for Nuer Community. It is the national party that all of you must join if you need bright future for the country, for you and for your children.

Live Long South Sudan, Long Live My Chairman, Long Time Dr. Riek Machar, The Able Leader, Long Live The SPLM-IO, Long Live All The Members. May God Bless You All.  

Part II is coming on understanding more about the SPLM IO ideology and concept.

The writer can be reached via:mariodeng88@gmail.com


The statements, comments, or opinions published by Nyamilepedia are solely those of their respective authors, which do not necessarily represent the views held by the moderators of Nyamilepedia. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the writer(s), and not the staff and the management of Nyamilepedia.

Nyamilepdeia reserves the right to moderate, publish or delete a post without warning or consultation with the author(s). To publish your article, contact our editorial team at nyamilepedia@gmail.com or at nyamileeditors@gmail.com

Kenyan police arrest South Sudan’s top religious leader in Kakuma

Peter_Gai_Lual

Reverend Peter Gai Lual, Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of South Sudan (File/Supplied/Nyamilepedia)

October 20th 2019 (Nyamilepedia) – A South Sudanese high-profile religious leader, Reverend Moderator Peter Gai Lual Marrow, Chairman of the South Sudan Council of Churches and the Moderator of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church of South Sudan has been arrested in Kenya’s Kakuma Refugee Camp while on church-related missions.

Rev. Peter was arrested on Saturday by Kenyan police at a public guest house in Kakuma town along with 7 other church members who were coming to welcome him upon his arrival from the Republic of South Sudan.

Speaking to Nyamilepedia on Sunday, one of the religious leaders confirmed that Pastor Peter had been accused by an unknown group of people of having links with South Sudan’s Government and that his mission to Kakuma related to politics and has nothing to do with preaching God’s words to refugees in the camp.

“He has been accused of being an agent of South Sudan’s Government,” said a religious leader who asked not to be named. “You cannot arrest someone whose mission is to spread God’s messages, this is obviously a gross violation of religious rights,” he added.

Rev Peter Gai was one of the religious delegations that accompanied South Sudanese leaders to Rome during a Spiritual Retreat held at the Vatican.

Several sources interviewed by Nyamilepedia revealed that the Kenyan Police, on instructions from the Refugee Affairs Secretariat-RAS, had prevented Peter from entering the refugee camp.

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