South Sudan: Why Salva Kiir Created More States?

By Tor Madira Machier,

Reports from Nairobi Kenya allege that members of government delegation are denied visas in Kenya. (Photo: Antony Njuguna (KENYA))

Reports from Nairobi Kenya allege that members of government delegation are denied visas in Kenya. (Photo: Antony Njuguna (KENYA))

Oct 4, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — The South Sudanese government had last year rejected a proposal by the SPLM-In-Opposition in which the armed opposition proposed the creation of eleven (11) more states based on the former colonial districts. The government went on to attack and accuse the armed opposition of seeking to setup a system that pursue the policy of divide and rule. Similar rejection occurred in 2011. While the parliament was working to indorse the then Southern Sudan Interim Constitution 2005 to become the Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan 2011, president Kiir, along with some law makers in the then Southern Sudan Legislative Assembly, rejected the incorporation of Federalism in to the new Transitional Constitution of the Republic of South Sudan 2011.

However, in an abrupt change of vision, president Salva Kiir Mayardiit, on Friday evening, through a degree read by himself live from the state house via the state owned South Sudan Television (SSTV), ordered the creation of eighteen more states – a figure almost twice higher than the SPLM-In-Opposition’s last year proposal of eleven (11) more states – in contrast to his last year suggestion that the rebel leader Dr. Riek Machar would have left the decision to the ordinary citizens instead of imposing it on the people.

In this regard, some constructive questions would need a productive answer, such as; what motivated President Salva Kiir to change mind and opts to create more states when he has been in odd with the same vision until Friday? What does the message means to the international community? Does it have implication on the embattled peace agreement?

As a matter of fact, Kiir’s initiative to create more states promotes ethnically based political hatred among tribes easing the possibility of returning to war even if the recent IGAD-plus peace deal is implemented.

Generally, as an answer to the above questions, president Kiir want to reinforces his embattled legacy by forcing himself into the history where he may claim credit for the transformation of the nation into a country governed on the base of federal system, while not knowing that the move also pave the way for further international isolation given its negative stance towards the recently signed IGAD Compromise peace deal.

Furthermore, the move by president Kiir undermines efforts for the South Sudanese people to reconcile because the extends at which the president transformed and divided the states is based on ethnic classification thereby promoting anti-ethnic sentiments among the South Sudanese communities which in return undermines the enhancement of the social fabric of the South Sudanese people, hence living no room for peace and reconciliation.

As a conclusion, the president must put in mind that taking town to the people is neither the priority nor an argent need of the South Sudanese people. Instead, at the current state of nightmare and bloodshed, the policy of taking town to the people should be left behind and the president should embark on bringing and achieving peace at the first place which will, in return, pave ways for the rest. Because the decision will cause huge controversy from both within and outside the government, it will jeopardizes efforts to achieve peace because the more the government is engaged in heated debates with opponents, the more likely the suffering of the South Sudanese people is forgotten.

Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudanese columnist and the head of the department for peace and reconciliation of the SPLM (IO) Youth League Chapter in Egypt and can be reached through, tormadira2013@gmail.com

A Response To Kuir e Garang: Why Blaming Salva Kiir At The Expense of Dr Machar?

A respond to “Its time for president Kiir to Show leadership or leave”, by Kuir e Garang

By Tor Madira Machier,

Courtesy of

Courtesy of undersigned..

August 23, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — South Sudan’s war is not only fueled by those whom my brother Kuir e Garang referred to as Jieng Council of Traditional Leaders, but also, it is fueled by intellectual groups of certain individuals both at home and abroad. One may say that the current confusion created by them, the South Sudanese people, will be a long story to be brought to an end. I am not cursing, but I am making a reflection of what is taking place back home.

Regardless of where we come from, we all share the same fate. The nation perishes or survives as one.

On 20 August, or just to say two days ago, Kuir e Garang, a self-claimed political analyst wrote an article on the Southsudannation.com, titled: “It’s time for president Kiir to Show leadership or leave”. The article, in a cost of few seconds, drew a lot of attention compelling readers to drop thirty one comments, one may deserves to say instantly. Most of those who dropped their comment, for the most part, described the author as a nationalistic and a neutral figure in regards to the current ethnically motivated civil war.

However, in spite of the friendly comments-something I personally observed, it remain malicious whether the readers of Kuir’s article defined the basis on which Kuir used to blame and urge Kiir to refrain from bad conducts at the expense of Dr. Riek Machar. Kuir said in his article, “Blaming Riek Machar for everything is childish! Without any doubt, Riek Machar is a man who’s ready to die for the sake of leadership. He’s shown his own dictatorial mannerism: 1991-1994 and 2015!” Dr. Lam Akol, Dr. Peter Adwuok Nyaba, Major General Peter Gatdet Yaka and Major General Gatkuoth Gatoath Oathnyany are living witnesses of Riek’s one-man leadership. But Dr. Riek Machar is not the president of South Sudan” the man or Kuir went on.

As a matter of fact, what transpired Dr. Riek Machar to split from Dr John Garang in 1991 was not leadership greed from Riek Machar, nor the disagreement with Garang has anything to do with leadership. But instead it was the fate of the Southern Sudanese in the hand of the Muslim controlled government of Sudan which compelled Dr Machar to break files with Dr John.

Dr. John Garang wanted a unified and a revised Republic of Sudan while Dr. Riek Machar was advocating for an independent South Sudan and that was what the people of South Sudan has been expecting since the 1955 Torit mutiny.

Again, the defection of Dr Lam Akol from the SPLM/A-Nassir Faction cannot be used as justification to a false assumption of a mere dictatorial mannerism purported to be abused against Dr Riek Machar. Dr. Lam Akol has his own record as a multiple-defector, he defected from the SPLM-Main stream under the leadership of President Salva Kiir and formed the SPLM-for-Democratic Change in 2009, does this defection tells us Salva Kiir’s one-man leadership? Or it was Riek Machar who instigated the defection of Lam Akol in 2009? I wonder why we blame Kiir when we are the very people complicating the war instead of sensitizing our brothers and sisters of the fruitfulness of the nation when its unified and thereby enlightens youth to work for the national unity where nation building persist. We have to be transparent and that we blames others.

Too, the defection of Peter Gatdet Yaka from the SPLM-IO cannot be exploited and used to justify what Kuir calls “one-man” leadership of Dr Riek Machar. Machar on one hand was for peace, and Gatdet, on the other hand, was against. The question is, is it a mistake for Dr Machar to ward off the suffering of the people of South Sudan or it’s the right of Peter Gatdet to rebel against the peace and continue the war when it’s being fought at the expense of the people of South Sudan?

Furthermore, the sudden formation of the SPLM-In- Opposition in early 2014 subsequently after the Juba massacre was not a planned rebellion by Dr Riek Machar. Resistance against genocide and massacres compelled relatives of the victims to take up arms against President Salva Kiir.

We have to learn from the past. Kiir, if not the extra-ordinary efforts exerted by Dr Riek Machar, would have been rebelled in 2004 using a media propagation of what he called “conspiracy” by Garang and boys to arrest him. And if defections were to be used to justifies the one-man leadership of those who instigated defections, John Garang would have been regarded as a dictator in regards to 1991 Nassir declaration and to 2004 Kiir’s brief defection.

If there were to be a unified South Sudan, people from all the corners of the country, regardless of what their tribes is must seeks to enforce unity in the society. For me, and I am sorry to say so, we, the South Sudanese are against creativity, against progress and against any language that seeks common ground in our society.

Lastly, what Kuir e Garang must bear in mind, whether he like it or not, is that General Gatdet Yaka has not defected. The energies and too much time and in any case too much resources wasted by agents of Kiir in pursuing General Gatdet to break ranks with Dr Machar has finally failed. Do not dream of “a Peter Gatdet” returning to Juba before Kiir could ink peace any more, believe me, he and a group of elders are soon going to Pagak, and probably, maybe on Monday, the 31 of August.

Tor Madira Machier lives in Cairo, can be reachable through tormadira2013@gmail.com or tormachier.blogspot.com

Analysis: Jesus Separated the Church From the State

By Tor Madira Machier,

Rev. Bafel Paul Deng invites all Nuer Christians leaders for a consultative meeting to reunite the church....

Rev. Bafel Paul Deng invites all Nuer Christians leaders for a consultative meeting to reunite the church….

August 12, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Although the church yet today plays a very dominant role in politics, Jesus himself – during the days of Caesar, then ruler of the Roman Empire – authorized the separation of the church from politics. The consequent was that Christ always used to teach indirectly which made it difficult for those who attended his teachings to analyze his teachings accordingly. Well, today it is revealed.

The authoritative Christian text regarding the status of the church from politics is the greatest passage found in Matthew 22:21, in which Jesus Christ himself was quoted as saying, “Render therefore unto Caesar the things which are Caesar’s; and unto God things which are God’s”. Although religious scholars yet today maintain differing intentions and analysis towards this phrase, it has been understood, throughout Christian history, as an authorization of a separate existence of the two, the Church and the politics. Too, the development of human civilization and the existence of multi-religious societies made it very clear that the separation of the Church from the state is possible.

Despite the fact that religious scholars disagreed on the authenticity whether Jesus meant that the church and the earthly authorities remains separate, there is a common ground which suggests that Jesus was saying that he came for God’s mission and that Caesar and his Authority remains a separate entity.

The Jews, before the birth of Christ, thought that the Messiah which was prophesized by early prophets was somebody who is coming to accomplish an earthly mission, for example to free the from the Roman prosecution. And that all the political woes of the Jews people were to be solved by the Christ himself.

In Africa, the secular hegemonic nature of the founding of certain African nations brings in to account the political meaning of colonial religious tradition. Christianity in Africa is projected as a part of persistence in the debate about the national questions such as: who to rule the society. Despite the fact that constitutions of the modern democratic state are secular one, church still influences politic. Church in Africa, in spite of the constitutionality of secularism, have more to pursue through politic. Example is the article eight of the South Sudan constitution, which reads as:”religion and state shall be separate”, “All the religions shall be treated equally and religious beliefs shall not be used for divisive purposes. Nevertheless in spite of the constitutionality of secularism, being a none-Christian, both in regard to the South Sudanese society leads to stigma and the government, which is supposed to enforce the Law, is run by individuals from the same society.

Developed countries too have the same religious catastrophe. Article 2 of Argentine reads as: the federal government supports the Roman Catholic Apostolic religion. Too, likewise, Denmark, support Christianity as its official religion. Article 4 says: “The Evangelical Lutheran church shall be the established church of Denmark and, as such it shall be supported by the state”.

South Sudan must get out of the same way other secular nations pretends to be exercising and enforcing religious rights which in return is against the fundamental freedom of non-Christian citizens. South Sudan is a land with different types of religions, they are all South Sudanese, and the mother of these children must not disown and accept one among her children. We are all created by God, and unto him, we are of the same value to him and he is the only supreme judge to all the mankind.

I am aware that some may doubt me on matters regarding religions in South Sudan, but for me to justify that there is religious stigmas in South Sudan, I have an example, and that is the fact that even non-Christian South Sudanese citizens who beliefs in African traditional religions names themselves and their children using Christian name. And should any one dare to correct me on this fact, he must constructively answer a question: Why even those who never went to church, who never saw Christian priests, and who never heard of Baptism named themselves names such as Michael, James, John and so when they posses evil spirits and demons in them? And I hope I am perfect and victory for me, in regards to this question, is mine.

Let’s give unto Caesar, things which belongs to Caesar, and unto God, things which belong to God

Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudanese columnist living in Egypt and can be reached through: tormadira2013@gmail.com or visit his blog: tormachier.blogspot.com

South Sudan Crimes: Perpetrators Remain Anonymous

By Tor Madira Machier,

Fighters of South Sudan governments and the rebels have committed many crimes but the perpetrators remain unknown(Photo: Reuters)

Fighters of South Sudan governments and the rebels have committed many crimes but the perpetrators remain unknown(Photo: Reuters)

July 30, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Another highly anticipated event, the publication of the report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS), has also passed. The African Union Peace and Security Council, in accordant with its meeting on Friday, prior to its most recent communiqué regarding the status of the report, has once again postponed the publication of the Report of the African union Commission of Inquiry on south Sudan (AUCISS).

To this extend, the people of South Sudan today, in the sense that a constant political and social turmoil persist, do not only bear the challenge of building a country already destroyed by the war of independence against the then north, nor they only bear the burden inflicted upon the nation by the government of president Salva Kiir’s non-constructive and arrogant regime, but they also face the burden of how to bring to justice those who committed gross violation of International Humanitarian Laws, and this can only be done if a neutral body, rather than the IGAD, take the leads in mediating for a lasting peace in a productive manner.

When the IGAD began its mediation on the South Sudan conflict in January 2014, mixed reaction from the South Sudanese people from all the corners of the country engulfed the nation. Optimism for accountability upon the perpetrators of both Juba massacre and the postliminary killings became high.

However, a solid question whether the regional entity, the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), would be neutral in its mediation, remains without a productive answer. In fact, the question of IGAD’s neutrality is what undermines negotiations today. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), in the sense that the above question remains unanswered, have derailed the ethics of negotiations by not putting in mind that Uganda’s role both as a party to the South Sudanese’s civil war and as a prominent member of the mediating body is, to be clear, negatively sabotaging the peace process.

The proposed compromise deal handed to the government of the Republic South Sudan (GRSS) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition (SPLM/A-IO) by the IGAD contains, in respect to accountability and justice for the victims of war crimes committed between December and January 2014, a number of disturbing resolutions and sections and that is why this deal is so bad.

Examples of those disturbing elements of that proposed compromise deal are found in Section, 3.5 and section 3.6, beside unaccounted sections of the proposal.

Section 3.5.1 Said, “A person who planned, instigated, ordered, committed, aided and abetted, conspired or participated in a joint criminal enterprise in the planning, preparation or execution of a crime referred to in Chapter V, Article 3.2.1. of this Agreement shall be individually responsible for the crime”. And section 3.6.1 said, “In carrying out its investigations, the HCSS may use the report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry (COI) on South Sudan and draw on other existing documents, reports, and materials, including but not limited to those in the possession of the African Union, or any other entities and sources, for use as the Prosecutor deems necessary for his or her investigations and/or prosecution of those alleged to have committed serious human rights violations or abuses, war crimes, or crimes against humanity. Such documents, reports and materials shall be used in accordance with applicable international conventions, standards and practices. NOTE: Be sensitive that the investigations of those crimes are done when the Transitional Government of National Unity (TGoNU) is already in office.

To this respect, the perpetrators of those crimes committed from the genesis of the conflict, while having their participation in the TGoNU is secured, will still be moving on the streets of Juba and other important South Sudanese towns freely while justice for the victims of the war is yet to be served. In addition, section 3.6.1 in its body language means that the report of the African Union commission of Inquiry on South Sudan (AUCISS) will not be released in details before the maybe TGoNU where those responsible for serious violation of International Humanitarian Laws remain anonymous.

The alleged report of the African Union Commission of Inquiry released and given to the government of the Republic of South Sudan (GRSS) lack transparency and a sign of a bad luck for the South Sudanese victims of the current civil war because those responsible remains not established and what really happened in Juba plus other revenge killings was not given in the report, yet they keep narrating of the phrase, the “Sovereignty of the people of South Sudan which is a mere rhetoric.

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) must know that serving the government with the report while denying access for the SPLM/A-in-Opposition means that the regional body is in favor of the other side of the conflict.

In addition to the neutrality of the IGAD, the regional body acts beyond its jurisdiction by interfering in the internal affairs of the Republic of South Sudan, Museveni’s involvement in the internal conflict of South Sudan reflect the IGAD’s. The IGAD’s involvement in the conflict, is not only a sign of weakness for the regional body, but also an ultimate reflection of the fact that regional entities, while maintaining interests in South Sudan, within the continent cannot bring peace to South Sudan. Museveni’s physical interference in to the internal affairs of South Sudan transformed the IGAD’s some previous neutral states, and subsequently, became a solid platform for its mediation.

This send a very clear political message to the region and to the international community that South Sudan’s civil war , with a number of regional interests and the subsequent interferences from the closest neighbors, could not be solved from within the region, and that all those within the region as well as the international community who expect the Intergovernmental Authority on development’s mediation to end the South Sudan’s conflict and bring in a lasting peace for the sake of ending the suffering of the people of South Sudan are mistaken, then misleading the world.

The international community regardless of its borders of jurisdiction, must act to save the people of South Sudan both from the East African block and from the regime of General Salva Kiir because the premise of having a state above its citizens is not only a misfortune for the people of South Sudan, but it is also an act of betrayal by the current regime towards the West without whom the South Sudan independence would not have been realistic. In respect to Uganda’s military involvement in South Sudan conflict, if the danger of the conflict escalation is to be mitigated it must to be seen in the IGAD’s used mechanism on how to end the war in South Sudan.

Unfortunately that has not been realistic. The threat of Yoweri Museveni for peace in South Sudan and probably in the region, which persist as long as the IGAD and the international community continue to address only the internal factors of the conflict leaving behind the external fueling-factors, while waging a political war against the SPLM/A-in-Opposition and the people of South Sudan, making secret deals with the group in power under Kiir, will never end. The IGAD must open their eye-red on Museveni to cease his involvement in South Sudan, while investigating him over the crimes committed by his UPDF in South Sudan, in addition to naming those responsible for the gross violations of the International Humanitarian Law.

If the IGAD fails to name the criminals and investigate Museveni’s UPDF, they must know that the people of South Sudan has not forgotten who committed brutalities nor have they forgotten what really, in the watchful episode of the IGAD and the international community, happened in Juba and other towns between December 2013 and January 2014.

Tor Madira Machier is the head of the department of peace and reconciliation of the SPLM-IO Youth League Chapter in Egypt and the author of an upcoming book: THE END OF THE BEGINNING, A REFLECTION OF SOUTH SUDAN’S CULTURE OF ETHNIC HATRED. He can be reached at: tormadira2013gmail.com

South Sudan: Peace Deal is An Unlikely Prospect

By Tor Madira Machier,

The SPLM leaders signing the Intra-Party Agreement to reunite the SPLM in Arusha, Tanzania(Photo: SPLM/Nyamilepedia)

The SPLM leaders signing the Intra-Party Agreement to reunite the SPLM in Arusha, Tanzania(Photo: SPLM/Nyamilepedia)

July 18, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — There is skepticism that a consensus will be reached in Ethiopia if the anticipated round of peace talks under the auspices of the intergovernmental authority on development (IGAD) is successfully lunched, the government of President Salva Kiir is under severe pressure from both within and outside the country. Two things I have been aware of at the time will negatively affect the optimism that a peaceful solution of the current civil war could be reached:

One, Gen Matthew Pul Jang’s militias fear any kind of peace agreement that it may change the current environment that they are now the one in control of Unity and that they believe that, with the recent victories by their side in Southern Unity State and Panakuach, it will be the end of the rebellion luring president Salva Kiir into deep hole that military operation and offensives are the ultimate solution to the war. Nuer members of Salva Kiir’s cabinet are not in favor of peace agreement which if signed would drive them out of their ministerial positions because it is clear that if a deal is reached, president Kiir will kick them out of his cabinet to accommodate the newly appointed SPLM/A-in-Opposition cabinet members, and because of this fact, their advice to Kiir is that they will not accept any peace deal that is not friendly to them even if it means a new rebellion and to that extend, president Salva Kiir fear for the fate of his friendship with the Nuer members of his cabinet that they may turn against him after he already brought in the hostile rebels whom if any disagreement occurred among the cabinet may lash him out without or low political and military resistance from his side.

Two, the government of president Kiir is also as well under the same pressure from Yoweri Museveni of Uganda that relations between the SPLM/A-in-Opposition strained early and because of that Museveni fear the installment of Dr. Riek Machar to the government as democratic values and the needs for economic reform which in return affect Uganda both politically and economically will be worked out. So the military solution to the conflict is the first choice of Uganda’s Yoweri Museveni, and that is a very authentic fact as Musevni made it clear early that if an arm embargo is forced upon the government of South Sudan, Uganda will, on behalf of Juba, buy weapons and other military needs. The body language of Ugandan president Yoweri Museveni means, a military solution is the best option among others and that as long as Museveni still plays a dominant role in the region, peace is far from South Sudan.

Military mean is not the solution

To both the South Sudanese government and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement in Opposition – SPLM/A-IO rebels, military solution is not the durable and obsolute solution to the current civil war. It may be, but incase peace talks in neighboring Ethiopia do not bear any fruitful results but at the same time, the military solution could not be expected even it means the intervention of allies from both sides.

Two things make president Kiir to be intransigent, one is the existence of Ugandan people’s defense force UPDF, and two is the help from his home allied militias. We have to learn from lessons of the pasts to judge the future. The existence of UPDF and the imports of modern machine weapons will never achieve any absolute military victory against the South Sudanese rebels under the former vice president Riek Machar. I think we all remember what was said by Yoweri Museveni that, “we give him (Machar) four days to surrender his guns, and if he fails to comply, we will all go to him and capture him” instead of the aforesaid four days, the struggle to apprehends Machar is now going on for almost two years despite the little ultimatum and this must be the lesson we have to learn so to answer the question whether military solution is what will end the war. The cost of the Uganda’s involvement in South Sudan is diverting Uganda’s public funds to this unapproved (by the Ugandan parliament) act of aggression and to this fact the needs for the withdrawal of the UPDF is growing at home to avoid further economic collapse.

Again, the latest victories by Matthew Pul jang’s militias and armed civilians in both Unity state’s southern counties and the main base of the South Sudanese rebels in Panakuach will not be expected by those in government as the end of South Sudan rebels. We have to put in minds that not all the allied militias are fighting heart in heart for President Salva Kiir. Let us look at the allied SSDM/A-COBRA Faction of the renegade David Yau yau who joined the government early last year, they put on hold their involvement to join hands with the government of Salva Kiir in fighting the rebels in Jonglei fronts. They don’t belief the government as their integration into the SPLA-Juba is not going through and many other things agreed upon during their deal with the government are yet to be made including the Pibor reconstruction fund. So they can break rank with the government any time.

The involvement of armed youth in the recent government offensives in Unity state has more to do with economic criteria and that cattle raiding motivated the youth and that they have already left Unity state. Their withdrawal from the government’s active military operations also weaken the military position of the government in Unity State and that the rebels could soon in the near future changes from defensive to offensive strategy.

Let us negotiate in good face so we ward off the suffering of our people.

Tor Madira Machier is the head of the department of peace and reconciliation of the SPLM-IO Youth League Chapter in Egypt and the author of an upcoming book: THE END OF THE BEGINNING, A REFLECTION OF SOUTH SUDAN’S CULTURE OF ETHNIC HATRED. He can be reached at: tormadira2013gmail.com.

Sirir Gabriel and Zechariah Gatnog Are Too South Sudanese: Controversies Over The Structure Of The SPLM-youth League Chapter in Egypt

if Sirir Gabriel Yiei Ruot and Zechariah Gatnog James are going to be the organizers of the RED-CARD rally on July 9th, then I will not attend the rally” one of my friends told me on the eve of 9th July.

By Tor Madira Machier,

Zee and Sirir led Red Card Rally in Cairo Egypt(Photo: file)

Zee and Sirir led Red Card Rally in Cairo Egypt(Photo: file)

July 15, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — What a language of hatred! Is this a language of creativity, is this a language of progress or is it a language of love and tolerance? In Pagak, the General Headquarters of the SPLM/A-in-Opposition, the concept of SPLM is defined in a way that not even a single South Sudanese citizen may disagree. But here in Egypt, thoughts towards the visions and objectives of the SPLM-in-Opposition are different stories with each of the youth in Egypt defining the visions of the SPLM in his or her own terms which represents the dark side of the South Sudanese young men living in the Arab Republic of Egypt. They always define the SPLM internal politics in a way that misrepresents what is going on in Pagak.

To me writing this piece of article involves the following

  • That I am not writing on behalf of the SPLM Youth League Chapter in Egypt, but simply because of my responsibility towards the unity of our people as South Sudanese,
  • That personal differences among the youths always exist in every society but it is too silly to for us to involves them in a public entity
  • That the SPLM Youth League Chapter in Egypt is not for certain individuals, but it is rightfully belongs to all the South Sudanese citizens living in Egypt.

Differences and personal hatred which occurred at the end of 2014 over the controversial dissolution of the then Nuer Youth and Student Association in Egypt severely affected the SPLM Youth League Chapter in Egypt.

Firstly, individuals among the Nuer youth in Egypt act like if the SPLM is a movement with the Nuer ethnic member of the Youth in Egypt posses the primary ownership. Appointment of non-ethnic Nuer in to top executive positions of the chapter created unstable relations between the Chairman, secretary and those abusing the visions and objectives of the SPLM. The fact that we incur tribal and ethnic hatred into political entity which belongs to every South Sudanese does not only tarnish the beautiful picture of the SPLM but simply proves to those who doubt us that democracy which we claim to be our main vision is an unrealistic prospect.

To me, no one with a sense of national feeling would find it easy to make his way in, to disregard the fruitful job done by Comrade Sirir Gabriel, and Zechariah Gatnog Machar both during their service during the days of Nuer youth and Students in the Arab republic of Egypt and during the commemoration of December 15th last year nor anyone would find it easy to sit idly not appreciating the great words spoken by comrade Bakyogo Emmanual Ginaba at the venue of December 15th prayers. To me, through the thinking of the two ( Sirir and Zechariah), we successfully commemorated the bloody December 15th and that their job of their minds helped us to remember our loved ones massacred by president Kiir in Juba. The appointment of comrade Bakyogo Emmanual Ginaba as the deputy chairman of the deputy youth league in Egypt is not only a democratic victory from the rest of the South Sudanese people, but it is also a sign of goodwill and the promotion of democratic principles by comrade Sirir Gabriel Yei Rut. Instead of criticizing the appointment, we would have been proud of such leadership that exists among the people of South Sudan.

Secondly; the needs for elections as a way of snatching power from the current leader grew in an unsustainable, nonconductive and difficult time. People keep talking about elections and elections of the top youth league position while the movement itself at home is in a state of resistance of a dictatorial regime and that important preparations are yet to be made in place between the movement and the Egyptian government. Let us first achieve stability there at home and calls for elections.

Tor Madira Machier is the head of the department of peace and reconciliation of the SPLM Youth League Chapter in Egypt and the author of an upcoming book: THE END OF THE BEGINNING, A REFLECTION OF SOUTH SUDAN’S CULTURE OF ETHNIC HATRED. He can be reached at: tormadira2013gmail.com.


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Elias Nyamlell and Eric Reeves: What I suggest to Al-Jazeera Inside Story program

“South Sudan is the pot which everybody will, ( after he get tired) eventually come back and drink from it”  Elias Nyamlel Wakoson told the Al-Jazeera’s Inside Story program during the earliest hours of Thursday.

By Tor Madira Machier,

Screen Shot 2015-07-12 at 7.16.55 PM

Elias Nyamlel Wakoson, a political analyst and former Foregn Affairs Minister in Sudan system, and Eric Reeves a historian teaching at Smith college(Photo: Al Jazeera)

July 12, 2015 (Nyamilepedia) — Four days ago, I turned my eyes on the Qatari based Al-Jazeera English’s Inside Story program at 2:30 am, Cairo local time (the 9th of July) which officially coincides with the fourth South Sudan’s independence anniversary, coming across a very, if not disturbing , dark sided program titled, “South Sudan political or personal”. On the same time I was following a very interesting Egyptian comedy on the al Masr tv channel. At first, when I saw the title of the program, I did not had an interest to watch the program but as soon as the presenter welcomed his guests live from Juba and Northampton, I saw that the guests are Elias Nyamlel Wakoson and Eric Reeves, a monitoring and evaluation officer at the so called Ebony Center for Strategic Studies and a professor at Smith College respectively which drew a lot of attention from me forcing me to leave the comedy and shift to their program.

After Nyamlel was asked, he responded in a language full of bias and so, do the white guy. They both now are in possession of each one’s feeling and analysis towards South Sudan where it came to my sense that they are representing the views of the South Sudan defunct government which defines the rebels as the major factor in the violation of the ceasefire agreement prompting me to suggest that a rebel representative could have been invited to the program to express and represent the rebel camp as the case defines the role of the program.

What I usually know is that when a certain TV station hosts more than one guest, I am sure that the two may and in any case must have differing opinions. If they share the same view, then there is no need for the presenter to host the two or more. An example may be the Al-Jazeera Arabic Hitijah al-Muakth of Dr. Faisal Gassim.

To me the viewers of that program nor the presenter did not obtain from these guys a piece of opinion. But they further complicated and misrepresented the picture of what is happening in South Sudan as it is from the case of Nyamlel who said ‘’ Our people says, if two brother fight, they don’t have to break the water pot……because after they fight they are the same ones who will come back and drink from the same pot they refused to break” according to him, he means that there is no any kind of solution to the conflict in South Sudan and that Dr. Riek Machar and Salva Kiir will come back when they get tired and that we have to wait when they are tired and from my point of view, he is not only Jeopardizing the peace initiative under the auspices of the IGAD, but he is also ignoring the suffering and the pain inflicted upon the grassroots citizens by the current civil war. From Nyamlel and this gentleman, I do only see a language which lack from the beginning to the end transparency and balance. But in my understanding and analysis of Nyamlel’s words, he is trying to convice the environment in Juba so as to be conducive for his soul.

With the white guy, Eric Reeves, the two when further to talks in a way that do not reflect the mechanism of how the conflict in South Sudan could be ended. Eric Reeves, an American old man, afflicted with Riek-phobia reached even to the point that Peter Gatdet and Gabriel Tanginye are to be blamed for the days-out violation of the January 23rd ceasation of hostilities of 2014. Until the end of their interview, they did not touch the other side of the waring parties (government camp). I blame them two for their bias but less to Elias Nyamlel who by the time of the interview was in South Sudan’s capital Juba which for me means that he may be taking care of his life and thus make his words environmentally friend to the security in Juba which is the set of the slaughters and thus more blame to the white guy who is always know for his anti-rebels writings and commentaries. Gabriel Tanginye is just defending himself as well as Peter Gatdet.

Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudanese student living in Egypt, he is the author of an upcoming book: THE END OF THE BEGINNING: THE NUER AND THE DINKA, A REFLECTION OF SOUTH SUDAN’S CULTURE OF ETHNIC HATRED. He can be reached at: tormadira2013gmail.com


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South Sudan: We Want to Reshape our Concept Towards Ethnicity

By Tor Madira Machier,

Screen Shot 2015-07-07 at 9.24.49 PM

Tor Madira …

July 07, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Ethnicity is not an artificial invention, it is a natural phenomenon that until the end, the man, through his abilities, could not afford to divert or restructure. Therefore it is out of his jurisdiction to judge God. Ethnicity is not a negative element that could be exploited in justifying human being’s weakness towards achieving peace and stability within a certain society.

The post-18th century period and the inception of the 19th Century throughout the 20th and its incursion into the 21st Century has been met with anarchy turning the world, particularly Asia and Africa, into nightmare of bloodshed and chaos given the vast existence of ethnic societies. The wars and other political unrests, particularly in Africa are always viewed as faults of ethnic cultures, but to me the complex existence of ethnic groups in a region is not a threat to social security, further it encourage cultural development and progress.

With the lack of proper education and national feeling as the reasons, South Sudanese people suffer from backwardness which clearly answers the question of why ethnic hatred is common among the people of South Sudan. In my view, we the people of South Sudan, and I Am sory to Say so, are against creation, and humanity. The fact that someone is born to a certain tribe is not an insult. We have to treat that case with open hearts so that the dignity of man cannot perish in our point of view. Our concept towards the importance of ethnicity does not only jeopardize the peaceful co-existence of our society but it simply advertises the dark side of our society and thereafter drives away the paramount importance of our ethnic hospitality and tolerance.

We were not born in this society to kill and die in a way of pursuing non-mutual ethnic interests where we were created to love and promote our dignity and so fulfill the tasks of achieving social and political progress of our society.

if you were born in Bentiu, you would have been a Nuer, if You were born in Aweil, you would have been a Dinka, and if you were born in Fashoda, you would have been a Shilluk or if you were born in Terekeka or elsewhere in the Country, you would have been a Mundari or else, and what is wrong with that ? It is an invention and arrangement from God to dwell you where ever you were born. We have to love each other not on the basis of ethnicity, but on the fact that we are all South Sudanese and that we came from God and so we are of the same value to him.

How wonderful would it be if all of us, regardless of our ethnic dimensions would gather in peace and harmony around the table of humanity, not forgetting that we have to reform and to reshape our concept towards ethnicity!

Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudanese student living in Egypt, he is the author of an upcoming book: THE END OF THE BEGINNING: THE NUER AND THE DINKA, A REFLECTION OF SOUTH SUDAN’S CULTURE OF ETHNIC HATRED. He can be reached at: tormadira2013gmail.com


The statements, comments, or opinions published by Nyamilepedia are solely those of their respective authors, which do not necessarily represent the views held by the moderators of Nyamilepedia. The veracity of any claims made are the responsibility of the writer(s), and not the staff and the management of Nyamilepedia.

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So You Are Not A Fool? – A Respond To Gordon Buay’s “Nuer-Terrorist” Article.

By Tor Madira Machier,

Tor Madira, the author and a correspondent of Nyamilepedia (Photo: supplied)

Tor Madira, the author and a correspondent for Nyamilepedia (Photo: supplied)

April 11, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — One may fails to understand the concept of the so call “terrorism” act and thus be a victim of a wrong assumption of reality. My brother, Gordon Buay who is struggling to take the advantage of the current conflict in South Sudan for the aim of gaining popularity wrote an article on Sudan Tribune website titled; “the rebels should look for another leader” ( please follow this link: http://www.sudantribune.com/spip.php?article54547 ) urging the SPLM/A-in opposition whom he refereed to therein as “Nuer-terrorist” to chose another leader beside Dr. Riek Machar Teny.

First, and before I go deep, the meaning of the word terrorism is the calculated use of violence (or the threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature; this is done through intimidation or coercion or instilling fear, and not related to the uses of the armed resistance against a government whose primary agenda is based on the annihilation of a section of its civil population.

Less than four years from now, Gordon Buay was an outspoken critic of the government of South Sudan in general as well as a personal enemy of president Salva Kiir himself. However, things changed. Economic criteria derived gordon Buay to where he did even not expect to be. Being a vocal supporter of president kiir, many may agree with me to wonder that if this gentleman really understands what he always author in every news scene.

In every movement struggling to change the status quo, there must to be setbacks which are tolerable to those who are the members of that movement, however, the propaganda being masterminded by the supporters of the regime in Juba do not make sense and has no any prospect of reality in them. The purported frustration within the rebel camps and those lies aiming at demoralizing the supporters of the movement has no any related claims making them to be mere day-light dreams. I don’t think that there is a government in South Sudan.

President Salva Kiir Mayardiit has an extra-ordinary burden that if he fails to subdue will compel a critical setbacks in his government. All the unfortunate propaganda which are manned by his supporters and Buay for example are all accountable to president Salva Kiir’s government and not to those purporting them. Buay is just like a condom, which is used for a limited time and then thrown away later. Buay’s political orphanage is a political calamity to president Salva Kiir and Kiir must bear in mine that accommodation of such personalities always further tarnishes the image of president.

The reason why I wonder whether Buay understands his writing is that he always denies the reality which he has already foresaw. In his Wednesday article which he published on Sudan Tribune, he quoted Dr. John Garang as saying: I will topple the khartoum’s based regime in two years, however, for Dr. Garang just to achieve the CPA, it took him more than two decades to win the battle of Naivasha ( CPA ). This is indeed a reality, but what is wrong with the rebel’s 2014 speedy match towards Juba? You should not consider the rebel’s retreat from Mangala as the end of the war. Losing a single or two battles does not means losing the war but simply a temporary victory for the government and nevertheless the SPLM/SPLA in opposition which you referred to as “Nuer-terrorists” remains the winner of the war atlas. What you have to do is that just eat your God-given food before dawn but always turn around and take care of what is going on at you back.

The author is the secretary for peace and reconciliation for the SPLM/A- in opposition youth league chapter in the Arab Republic of Egypt and can be reached at; tormadira2013@gmail.com


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Redline: Dr. Riek Machar Is a Symbol of Nation Unity And Must Not Quit !

By Tor Madira Machier,

Riek Machar (centre),  at a press conference at the Radisson Hotel in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on July 9, 2014. He is flanked by Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth (right), and De-Mabior Garang. Igad has warned Machar team of sanctions for skipping peace talks. AFP PHOTO | ZACHARIAS ABUBEKER

Riek Machar (centre), at a press conference at the Radisson Hotel in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, on July 9, 2014. He is flanked by Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth (right), and De-Mabior Garang. Igad has warned Machar team of sanctions for skipping peace talks. AFP PHOTO | ZACHARIAS ABUBEKER

April 4, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — It has been at least one year since the Juba massacre and the subsequent formation of a national resistant movement the SPLM/A in Opposition. The emergence of the SPLM/A in opposition in addition to the task shouldered to Dr. Riek Machar Teny as the chief executive of the movement although not [ SPLM/A in opposition ] anticipated by the people of South Sudan was a great historic move taken by the sons and daughters of South Sudan in respond to Salva Kiir’s rhetoric political wrangling.

Almost three months from now, sporadic circulation of propaganda purportedly aimed at confusing and establishing the movement and diverting away the attention of the people of South Sudan from sympathizing the movement gain momentum.

He who is lobbying to take over the leadership of the resistant movement from H.E Dr. Riek Machar is crossing a Red Line that he will not even anticipated to afford. Dr. Machar is a SYMBOL of national unity and solidarity that provides clean drinking water for the entire population of South Sudan and you must bear in mine that I am not saying the movement lack diehard patriots and intellectuals capable of leading the movement rather than Dr. Machar himself, however Dr. Riek Machar is a humble servant and a statesman that for one and many reasons reflect the unity and peaceful co-existence of the South Sudanese people at large and deserves to be the next president of this nation.

Under his leadership, the movement is overseeing a solid and strategic diplomatic relations compare to that rotten foreign relations being overseen by Salva Kiir Mayardiit in Juba, which is a bunch of anti-South Sudanese’s peaceful co-existence.

The South Sudanese, region and the international community must have realized by now that Dr. Riek Machar Teny has been the backbone of this nation, especially for the last ten years. Notwithstanding the fact that the SPLM/SPLA is strongly united despite that Dr. Machar is not providing any salary or superior weapons, the region and the international community is now siding with the defamed opposition (SPLM/SPLA-IO) instead of those corrupt and tribal pundits in Juba, who call themselves the legitimiate government of South Sudan.

Those who are overseeing an act of jealousy within the movement while people are busy exerting more efforts to defeat Salva Kiir’s standlinsm in a midst of chaos must rather leaves peacefully instead of committing setbacks in the struggle and I am very sure that the absence of Dr. Riek Machar Teny’s leadership in the movement is automatically a dramatic news to the movement that has an unlimited appetite of Dr. Machar’s style of leadership.

In conclusion, the leadership and the supporters of the movement must strongly condemn the online Sudantriune and Upper nile time, who have turned the enemy of freedom for circulating false news on April first as April fools. This April Fools’ day is intended for practical jokes and hoaxes that are subsequently explained within a day or two. This culture is foreign and must not be abused by the media to create unnecessary tension. In addition, the jokes and hoaxes must be logical and practical.

The Author, Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudaness student pursuing Law Degree at the University of Ain Shams in Cairo, Egypt and a member of the SPLM/A in opposition and can be reached through: tormadira2013@gmail.com.


Edited by the Moderating Team | Nyamilepedia

Parieng Must Be A Primary Target For The SPLA Before Marching To Bentiu !

By Tor Madira Machier,

Opinion.

Members of Justice and Inequality Movement defending South Sudan's Pariang County from South Sudan's SPLA -in Opposition(Photo:  Via VOA)

Members of Justice and Inequality Movement defending South Sudan’s Pariang County from South Sudan’s SPLA -in Opposition(Photo: Via VOA)

April 1, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — The leadership of the movement the SPLM/A must develop a new shift in the military strategic planning that would seek to strengthen the position of SPLA and subsequently will boost the morale of the troops. These would require a solid establishment of a strong intelligence body that would provides the operation with a real genuine operational military data.

Across the Upper Nile’s federal states, and Lich State for example, the movement had only concentrated to identify the state capital Bentiu as the primary military operational target for the movement. However, this is a wrong assumption of this particular military doctrine for this particular operational field from the military intelligence sector of the movement that highlight to the diehard supporters and political sympathizers of the movement the weakness of the SPLA’s fourth military infantry division.

Liberation of Bentiu without first the liberation of government’s strategic strongholds like Parieng county headquarters means nothing than simply winning a battle that would be exceptionally lost to the enemy the following day and subsequently loses the main expectation of the battle, which ironically means losing the war.

Parieng county is a government stronghold in Lich state in addition to the Abiemnom county in which the government uses them for reinforcement. The strategic Ida airstrip in Parieng county as well as the Abiemnom’s strategic bridge that links Warrap state to the Greater Lich region offer the dictatorial regime of Salva Kiir with cheaper cost mean reinforcement to its genocidal troops against the movement’s SPLA.

The recapture of Bentiu in May by the pro-government troops was simply due to government’s huge and cheap reinforcement routes by airlifting troops using Ida airstrip as well as reinforcing troops from division three from Bahr Al-Gazhal using Abiemnom bridge.

For Bentiu to be liberated for good and for all, Parieng must be first subdued to the control of the freedom fighters, closing all the strategically important installation being used by the regime in Juba to down-roots its presence in the oil-rich Lich state, including the narrow roads used by the Sudan Revolutionary Front rebels and in-Justice and Inequality Movement (JEM) to cross to the Republic of South Sudan from southern Kordofan state with the aim of reinforcing the Juba loyalists tribal army.

The Author, Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudaness student pursuing Law Degree at the University of Ain Shams in Cairo Egypt and a member of the SPLM/A in opposition and can be reached through: tormadira2013@gmail.com.

South Sudan: Changing The Culture A Path To The Catastrophic HIV/AIDS !

By Tor Madira Machier,

Secondary Roles UNMISS staff members marching during the 2011 World AIDS Day celebrations jointly with organized forces of ...

Secondary Roles UNMISS staff members marching during the 2011 World AIDS Day celebrations jointly with organized forces of …

March 18, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Developing nations are struggling to maintain their cultures. Developed countries continues with their cultural offensives aimed to re-colonizes the world first culturally and then came political.

However in spite of these global cultural and politcal confrontations, the newly established Republic of South Sudan which is just almost five years far away from July 2011, is offering a save haven for the accomodation of western cultures which for one or many reasons highlight to the region and further to the rest of the world the weakness of the state ( South Sudanese government ) to protect both the culture and the citizens themselves which make it a fertile ground for those scrambling to extends their cultural and political motives.

Catastrophic western cultures gain momentum in the young east African nation which is now a wrong path by South Sudan with all its incalculable consequences.

South Sudan is a multi-ethnic country with multi-ethnic diversities inhabiting the country and constitutes it. South Sudan’s traditional way of life is twice better than the invading ones.

However, the aggresive advancement of modern western civilizations which are gaining stable ground for accomodations put the original South Sudanese culture at great risk of collapse. Although we, the South Sudanese people share the same fate for our culture, be sensitive that I am not pointing to a particular cultural tradition of a particular ethnic group nor I am pushing for the prevention of civilization but in contrary, I am proud to remind us that we are lossing the battle of the geniune path of civilization.

Changing gear to a better standard of life is always accompaigned by negative radical elements of civilization but only unpreventable when a particular society miscalculate its cost and how to handle the way it change. South Sudan is heavily influenced culturally by the neighboring countries. The post war era suvival of the South Sudanese people is technically affected by multi-aggressive social activities.

Ironically, the coming of peace to South Sudan after the civil war (2005) has the potential of accelerating the development of an epidemic which is notoriously known by the name HIV/AIDS in South Sudan as the country vulnerably experience a increased movement of people in addition to the radical alteration of the country’s social and economic activities.

Sensitively, South Sudan’s neighbors ( Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia for example ) has a long history of the epidemic and indisputably quarter of South Sudanese refugees abroad fled the Sudanese civil war to the mentioned countries and subsequently adopted the new cultures. The post-war era is characterised with a large portion of anti-native cultural elements. Prostitution became a new culture being adopted and in the watchfull episode of the state. This make it easier for other citizens to adopt it.

Frankly speaking, HIV/AIDS, is a socio-natural calamity which is in one or many ways can be prevented if there is to be a willful government of the people with the aim of promoting and protecting the health of the society. The government must develope a new orianted policy of proctecting the people from HIV/AIDS and not only to provides treatment to those identified as victims of the disease but also to prevent certain styles of life that is identified to be a major contributors to the spread of the epidemic. Foreigners (currently in Juba’s custom, Jebel Market as an example) work to offer sex in return for money. Bars and lodges which are owned by indeed some individuals of high ranking level in the govenment are intendedly rented to sex workers, prostitutes.

The fact that lodges are owned by government officials including members of the Cabinet jeopardise the effort exerted by local authorities of a particular state. indisputably, prostitution is a major factor through which HIV/AIDS is 90% spreaded to others. In 2013, it was reported that HIV/AIDS rate has droped from 3.1% to 2.7%, however, drops in testing and treatment facilities was detected and yet in 2014, HIV/AIDS is developing faster with increase of higher infection rate.

This is a dangerous path by the South Sudanese authorities and the unpleasant news is that the government is reluctant to prevent what happened in Uganda and other most infected nations where the epidemic gains quick speed if advancemnt in addition to the government’s frustration to prevent anti-social businesses like prostitution. The current war is likely expected to easy the extension of the epidemic at an higher speed. As the HIV/AIDS is an aftermath of leaving the culture, South Sudan must work to save the nation from invasion by foreign cultures which supposedly have no room in South Sudan.

Tor Madira Machier is a South Sudanese student pursuing Law Degree at the university of Ain Shams in Cairo, Egypt and can be reached at: tormadira2013@gmail.com