Dr.Machar, Our Expectations From You as Incoming President of South Sudan

Dr.Machar Restore Democracy and Return Power To the People

By Ter Manyang Gatwech,

Kampala, UgandaMachar in South Africa 1160349985_2054439516277665596_n

July 5, 2015(Nyamilepedia) — Dr.Riek Machar Teny, people of South Sudan have been waiting for you since 1983-2013 to restore the lives of the people of South Sudan from bad rulers. Now the time has come for you, to restore democracy and return power to the people.

Dr. Machar we are expecting you to bring the development by empowering the people of South Sudan and Institutions at every level of society including public, private and civil institutions; improving access to basic services; increasing people participation in decision making; assisting in developing people’s capacities; and enhancing government; responsiveness, transparency and accountability in South Sudan such that we reside as superior nation in the whole world, not as underdog and a failed fragile state of Salva Kiir.

The return of power to the people would be in line with the six points of your programs, which you outlined, during the conference of Pagak in 2014. The first point in your program is the restoration of democracy. The people of South Sudan are entitled to democratic government, not the awful government like President Kiir’s government that kills its own citizens without prejudice since 2005.

It is the right of the people of South Sudan to have democratic government. The Sovereign power in the land must be the population, not the government. The State shall be guided by the principle of Federalism and devolution of governmental functions and powers to the people at appropriate levels where they can best manage and direct their own affairs.

Federal systems shall be the principle applied at all the level of local government and in particular, from higher to lower local government units to ensure people’s participation and democratic control in decision making.

What Citizens Expect from Dr. Machar’s Leadership

  1. Citizen’s Rights:

In a democracy, every citizen has certain basic rights that the state cannot take away from him or her.  These rights are internationally recognized and guaranteed.  Everyone has the right to have their own beliefs, including their religious beliefs, and to say and write what they think.  Everyone has the right to seek different sources of information and ideas.  Everyone has the right to associate with other people, and to form and join organizations of their own choice, including trade unions.  Everyone has the right to assemble and to protest against bad government.  However, citizens have an obligation to exercise these rights peacefully, with respect for the law and for the rights of others.

  1. Federalism

More and more democracies are adopting federalism, or some form of decentralization. According to this principle, each government function should be performed by the lowest level of government that is capable of performing that function effectively.  Only the national government can print currency, conduct foreign policy, manage trade and borders, and provide for the nation’s defense.  However, local or provincial government best manages local matters, such as community services.  Local authorities are better able to know and respond to the immediate needs and interests of their citizens.  Federalism promotes national unity by distributing power and resources more fairly around the country, bringing government closer to the people, and allowing local communities some control over their own affairs.  Democracy is more stable when power is devolved along geographic lines and not according to ethnic or sectarian divisions.

  1. Separation of powers and Independence Judiciary

In a democracy, the exercise of political power must respect the law, the constitution, and the will of the people, through the decisions of their (elected) legislative representatives.  This requires that power be separated so that the head of government and his ministers do not have the power to make the law or to interfere in court cases.  In a democracy, the executive branch implements policies and programs, administers the national budget, and conducts national affairs.  It may also propose laws, but only the parliament may enact legislation, including the budget.  Only the courts can decide the guilt or innocence of individuals charged with a crime, and only the higher courts can determine whether a law or a government action or policy is constitutional.

  1. Democracy

Democracy is a system of government in which the people in regular, free, and fair elections choose a country’s political leaders. In a democracy, people have a choice between different candidates and parties who want the power to govern.  The people can criticize and replace their elected leaders and representatives if they do not perform well.  The people are sovereign—they are the highest authority—and government is based on the will of the people.  Elected representatives at the national and local levels must listen to the people and be responsive to their needs.

  1. Participation

The key role of citizens in a democracy is participation. This takes many forms.  Citizens have an obligation to become informed about public issues, to monitor the conduct of their leaders and representatives, and to express their own opinions.  Participation also involves voting in elections, debating issues, attending community meetings, becoming involved in private, voluntary organizations, and even protesting.  However, political participation in a democracy must be peaceful, respectful of the law, and tolerant of the different views of other groups and individuals.

  1. Rule of Law not rule by law

Democracy is a system of rule of laws, not rule by law, or an individual.  In a democracy, the rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order, and limits the power of government.  All citizens are equal under the law.  No one may be discriminated against based on his or her race, religion, ethnic group, or gender.  No one may be arrested, imprisoned, or exiled arbitrarily.  No one may be denied his or her freedom without a fair and public hearing by an impartial court.  No one may be taxed or prosecuted except by a law established in advance.  No one is above the law, not even a king or an elected president.  The law is fairly, impartially, and consistently enforced, by courts that are independent of the other branches of government.

In conclusion

The purpose of this article is to educate those who do not know you physically. I Honorable, Ter Manyang Gatwech, I know you physically   and therefore, our people are waiting for you to bring hope to them.

The Truth Must Be Told………………………………….

The author is an administrator and the Chairman of Ayod Community in Uganda.  Get me now;mapam0775@gmail.com or termanyang24@gmail.com


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  8 comments for “Dr.Machar, Our Expectations From You as Incoming President of South Sudan

  1. July 5, 2015 at 10:46 pm

    my friend you are dreaming of your evil Riek to be a president of south Sudan. it will never and never happen until Jesus come if he can live that long. it better for you to support other Nuer to be leader instead of him.

    Like

    • Chan Wechtuor
      July 7, 2015 at 5:16 am

      All friend you are doing well comming government of South Sudan which will be lead by Dr.Riek for DemocraticGovernment very soon

      Like

  2. Lobgorong Lo Kak
    July 5, 2015 at 11:09 pm

    Dear Ater,
    your stated paper on Dr, Riak is very correct. but how do we prove that he is the real men of Democracy?

    Like

  3. woken
    July 6, 2015 at 5:05 am

    For kids who were born in the ’90s and 2000s, Riek could be their leader for they do not know who he is. And I do not blame for they are innocent and deserved forgiveness.The way they feel about Riek Machar is the very way we felt him when we first heard about him in 80s during childhood our. Not only us but also Garang De Mabior himself. Garang said and I quote ” if there were five commanders like Riek, I could have won the war long time ago.” This is when Gat Machar was the overall commander of the uppernile appointed by his former boss, Dr. Garang.

    However, Riek did not take this praise positively. He thought, instead of remaining under Garang, he could lead the SPLM/A himself. So he and his cohorts including Lam Akol, engineered a coup to overthrow Garang and take leadership, a move they miserably failed to achieve. Garang fought them off like vultures and indeed, called them vultures of peace because they were against the course that we all went out for.

    Riek went to Khartoum and signed “khartoum peace agreement with Bashir thinking that he will nullify what Garang was doing and would be given a country, a move that Nuer community has mistreated and call it a call for separate South Sudan by Riek. Of course, there wouldn’t have been any way possible to grant South Sudan to Riek while he was not posing any threats to Bashir.

    Lam went and signed what he and others called Fashoda agreement just like khartoum peace agreement all of which went through the drain (failed). After realization that none of their peace stupid agreements was working, they without the slightest shame, came back to the very SPLM/SPLA they intentionally deserted. worst of all, these guys went as far as vying for the chairmanship of the party. This sent Kiir crazy. For why would they want to lead what they left and even fought it. Not really fair, kiir thinks so.

    Now, the so called democracy and federalism which are the top things that Riek is trying to preach to South Sudanese, I think no one would say it is not good to apply principles of democracy or being a federal state. The fact is that we are semi-federal; only small changes to be done to make it full federal system. However, I am afraid that the two ideas are inseparable. So the moment you accept one, you have to apply the other because federalism does not survive in tyranny but only in democracy. So if we have to be fully federal, we have to be as well, fully democratic. My fear is that as traditional Nuer community does not have principles of democracy in their cultural norms.

    I am a close neighbor to Nuer community and I truly understand what they do and how they view other communities. A boy is not beaten at younger age for if he is, he will become fearful and will not be grabbing things by force from others; he will not be able to kill like a man should do in Nuer community; a Nuer does not beg, but forcefully grab things, and so on and so forth. If you call someone in Nuer community as “chiek” wich is what they call woman, they will fight you crazily, for a woman does not grab and she is always fearful. How would democracy survive in this culture where heinous crimes and abominations are punished? I terribly doubt!

    If any Nuer guy preaches about democracy then I would say it is a different democracy from that of the world understanding. In my opinion, education should have been employed by Riek first before he could introduce his so call democracy. I do believe and I am certain about this that if Riek does become the president, Nuer will start to grab land, rape and chase people away from their Lands, actions which will then destroys Rieks reputation as the president of the republic. Believe it or not it is and will be true.

    To wrap it up, I strongly advise South Sudan to find their leader separate from Riek, Kiir or any other people of their kinds. I do not take pride in Nuer people suffering in the bushes nor do I support bad governance.

    For your own good, Riek is not democratic but more close to being demagogic!

    Choose peace and let us vote for democratic leaders!

    Like

  4. July 6, 2015 at 10:37 am

    he will rule Nuer not southsudan

    Like

  5. Tut Chuol Tang
    July 6, 2015 at 3:46 pm

    Ter
    Riek Machar have to fight to bring peace to South Sudan. He want to be like Mandela in jail in South Africa. But Riek Machar has we all know he is man who can’t fight war and win only talking and smiling what joke. Kiir need war not Riek Machar mouth peace. Riek should live the rebel leadership and let the people like Gatdet, Gatwech, Tang, Olony etc take over and fight the war. Riek can’t even bring weapons to the rebels not even travelling to look for any.

    That is the same Riek Machar in Nasir in 1991 i always tell people Riek Machar is the same Riek Machar and he will never bring anything then just talking and sitting in one place like (Dengciek) snake in Nuer. Even Gajaak are now not helping in fighting no mobilize there only sitting and doing nothing to help in war. He can’t even mobilize people for war he so afraid for ICC. Riek please think and live us alone so we can solve our problem with out you. Tire of Riek and his damn weakness.

    Like

  6. woken
    July 7, 2015 at 2:13 am

    …is not about fighting,Tut. We are tired of enormous killing that took place everywhere and especially in Uppernile, Jongelie and Unity. Let us accept peace and forget winning this war by barrel of guns.

    Riek is incapable of anything and Nuer will one day realize it. The guy is finishing Nuer youth for his own self-centered interest. I will dearly blame Riek and Kiir if Abyei and Pathou remain with the North for lack of youth to fight.

    South Sudan will regret the most! Rest in peace Nuers and Dinka who are dying for what they do not know!

    Like

  7. July 7, 2015 at 5:28 am

    It is very hard for lower people to understand Dr.Riak’s thoughts,of course,Riak’s higher education is making it very difficult for him to be understood.
    Riak thinks of what is to come not what has already come,some peaple just view him as dr fool who does’t know anything,but after all,it is the same riak who all people will be happy with.
    Consider “self determination”which was thought by garang himself to be impossible move,but comes to its sense that’s why we are here now.
    If you think Riak democracy and federalism won’t work,please be patient and wait.

    Like

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